Monthly Archives: December 2020

The Seven Years War

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THE SEVEN YEARS’ WAR

This was a conflict that lasted from 1756-63. It was fought in Europe, Asia and the American Continent as well as upon the seas and oceans.

France was then the European superpower. People sometimes called France ‘the great nation’. The French were admired even by their foes. France had Quebec as a colony. Quebec is part of Canada today. France also had some ports on the coast of Africa and India. The French also owned several islands in the Caribbean Sea.

The United Kingdom was France’s principal rival. The UK had Thirteen Colonies on the east coast of America. There were many islands in the Caribbean that were British ruled. These islands included Jamaica, Barbados and the Bahamas. The British owned some ports on the coast of India as well as some inland provinces.

The border between British and French territory in North America was ill-defined. The French colonists and British colonists sometimes skirmished there. There were many Native American tribes. Some were aligned with the French and some with the British.

France and the UK squabbled over trade. They wanted to make more money from their colonies. The Caribbean was particularly valuable because of the cash crops these islands produce: sugar, tobacco and cotton. The islands were highly fertile. The two countries coveted each others lucrative Caribbean colonies.

Most people in the Caribbean Islands were black. These people had been captured in West Africa by other West African nations in wars there. The captives were sold to French and British sailors as slaves. The luckless slaves were chained up and brought onto ships to cross the Atlantic in appalling conditions. Then they were forced to toil by threat of a whipping under the boiling sun from dawn til dusk.

In 1756 war broke out. Both sides enlisted allies.

Germany did not exist back then. What is now Germany was 360 states. Some of these states were fully independent and some were semi-independent. Some German states were fairly large kingdoms. Others were very small and others were in between. Despite that they all spoke the German language.

Prussia was the largest German state. Prussia had Berlin as its capital. The Prussians came in on Britain’s side. The British monarch was also the Elector of Hanover i.e. he ruled the German state of Hanover. Therefore, Hanover was on the UK’s side. The British Army even included a regiment called the King’s German Legion. Some of the smaller German states such as Brunswick and Hesse Kassel came to Britain’s aid. These minor German states feared being conquered by France. Without British help these smaller German states were sure to be subdued by France.

The immediate cause of the war was the Prussian invasion of Saxony. Saxony was another German state.

France had some German allies though. France also enlisted the help of Spain, Austria, Sweden, Portugal and some other countries. Spain ruled a gargantuan empire in the American Continent. All the countries from Mexico to Argentina were Spanish territory.

The Austrian Empire was much bigger than Austria is today. Austria was most of Central Europe.

The Royal Navy (i.e. the British Navy) was superior to the French Navy. The Royal Navy was able to defeat the French Fleet in many engagements. This also gave the British the ability to transport men and munitions around the globe at will.

Russia changed sides during the war in 1762. This proved to be crucial. Russia had been pro-French. By switching sides they gave the British side a decisive advantage. France had a far harder time fighting on the Continent of Europe with Russia to contend with.

There were land battles fought in what we now call Belgium and Germany. The British Army was not there in significant numbers. The Hanoverians and other German allies of the British fought against France. The UK did not send many soldiers to mainland Europe but it did fund its allies in the war. The British had the deepest pockets.

In North American General Wolfe took Quebec. There was the Battle at the Heights of Abraham. The French were defeated by the British commander James Wolfe was killed in the battle.

India was the Mughal Empire at the time. The Mughal Emperor resided at Delhi. However, the empire was becoming feeble. The emperor controlled less and less of India. There were hundreds of Indian rulers under the Mughal Emperor. Some of these Indian rulers are pro-British and others were pro-French. The war was fought in India. In 1757 the Battle of Plassey proved to be a resounding British victory. At the battle only a small number of soldiers on the British side were actually British. Most of the soldiers on the British side were Indians who were pro-British.

In 1763 the Treaty of Paris ended the war. France acknowledged that it had to cede some land to the British in North America, the Caribbean and India. Canada became part of the British Empire. After this the British were clearly the dominant power in India. France was allowed to retain one port in India called Pondicherry.

One of the major consequences of the war was the dissolution of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The First Partition of Poland took place. Poland was divided between Prussia, Russia and Austria. Nevertheless a lively sense of Polish nationhood. The Poles still spoke the Polish language but many learnt Russian or German too depending on whether they lived in the Russian ruled east of Poland or the Prussian ruled west or the Austrian ruled south of Poland.

G blake

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good riddabce

1922. ducth jewish. bourgeois. british army

1936 dad dies. lost money

egypt. marxism

`940. interned. gibraltar

UK. RN. cambridge

MI6

Korea. bombing. USSR did so too.

whih society produce better tech? dissent. famine. rights. tortue. religion.

spy. berlin.

1961. caught/ hundreds slaidn. 42 years

sean bourke. escape

moscow.

ultra nationalist. chauvinist. cuult of personality. dictator. sahm democracy. rigged elections, complaisant courts. wars of aggression. destructive imperialis,. help taleban. islamst extremsm chechnya. war on freedom.

no free expssio. cenrious. judhemental. keplotrcayc mfais state.

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A festival

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Write about a festival that you enjoy. It can be a festival that is international or that is specific to your country. It could be independence day, New Year, a religious festival or anything. Write at least 20 sentences.

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Christmas is a magnificent festival. I really like it because it is convivial. It cheers us up in a cold and dark season.

In most of the world Christmas Day is 25th December. The day before 24th December is called ‘Christmas Eve’.  Around this time people greet each other with the words ‘Merry Christmas’.

From 1 December to 24 December is called ‘Advent’. It is from the Latin meaning ”towards the coming.” People usually put their Christmas tree and decorations up on 1 December. There are Advent Calendars. These are for 1-25 December. People these up on the wall. They are decorated with images of Christmas scenes. There is a little door on the Advent Calendar to be opened on each day. Behind the door is a picture or a chocolate. Some children open all the doors on the first day they get the calendar and eat all the chocolate. Some shops put up Christmas decorations in November to try to get people to buy more.

Children are supposed to be in bed before midnight on 24 December. If they are good Santa Claus will visit them in the middle of the night and leave them presents.  Santa Claus is also called ‘Father Christmas’. In the Western World he does not have a granddaughter. Sometimes he had a wife called ‘Mrs Santa Claus.’ He often has elves. An elf is a little man who helps Santa Claus.

Families also give each other presents on 25 December. They do not give presents at New Year.

Sometimes people called Christmas ‘yuletide.’ Christmas is quite hard to spell so some people spell it ‘Xmas’ but it still pronounced ‘Christmas.’

26th December is called ‘Boxing Day’ in the United Kingdom. This is because Queen Victoria gave her servants presents from a box on 26th December. Boxing Day is not about the sport called boxing!

25th December and 26th December are public holidays in most English speaking countries. If these days happen to be a Saturday or a Sunday then the next day (27th December) will also be a day off work.

After 25 December the shops are open again. The January sales begin on 26 December. There are massive discounts on things that were not sold by then.

31 December is called ‘New Year’s Eve’. This is a working day but there is no school that day. 1 January is ‘New Year’s Day’. It is a public holiday. If 1 January is a Saturday or Sunday then the next weekday is a public holiday.  People greet each other on 1 January with ‘Happy New Year.’ There are often street parades on that day.

Children usually go back to school on the first Tuesday of the year. 6 January is called ‘the Feast of Epiphany.’ On this day the Christmas season is over. People are supposed to take down their decorations and return to normal life.

In Ireland 6 January is known as women’s Christmas. On this day women are supposed to be free from household responsibilities. Men should do all the cooking, cleaning and housework. Women then socialise and celebrate

Cecil Rhodes. Super advanced course lesson 19.

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CECIL RHODES. Super advanced course lesson 19.

Rhodes was born at Bishop’s Stortford in 1853. The town of his birth is a middling sized town in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom. His father was a priest in the Church of England. Anglican clergy had high social status but not necessarily a high income. The Rhodes family was respected by all the local people. However, they were middle class rather than upper class. Cecil had four brothers all of whom were older than him.

Cecil showed academic promise. However, he was a sickly boy. He suffered from a pulmonary malady. Cecil had a severe case of asthma. A doctor recommended a drier climate for the boy’s respiratory condition. Some of his elder brothers were already working in South Africa. Therefore, at the age of 17 he took ship for Cape Town. After a few weeks voyage he landed on what whites called ‘the Dark Continent’. He travelled to the hinterland to meet his siblings. His brother Herbert had a cotton farm. Cecil worked on that and set up a trading business when the farm turned out to be a failure.

Minerals had been discovered under South African soil. Cecil at first made money selling items to the miners: tools, tents, clothes, alcohol and suchlike. He did a booming trade. In time he bought diamond mining concessions around Kimberley himself. Rhodes was financed by N M Rothschild and Sons. The company was Jewish. Rhodes was never anti-Semitic. He hired black men to dig for him. These men were made to work in the nude in case they discovered a diamond and secreted it in their clothes. Cecil became very affluent indeed. Eventually he achieved a world monopoly on diamonds by controlling the Diamond Syndicate. They limited the supply of diamonds to artificially inflated prices.

Cecil John founded a diamond company called De Beers. It exists to this day.

In time Rhodes founded fruit farms in South Africa. These prospered. He is to be thanked for. diversifying the economy.

After a few years Cecil returned to the United Kingdom. It was 1873 and he was 19. He matriculated at Oriel College, Oxford. Oriel was an ancient but not especially distinguished college. It had close links to Rugby School.

After a few months Cecil’s health began to suffer from the humidity. He therefore had to suspend his studies and sail back to South Africa. He returned in the summer to study at Oxford. He continued this pattern. He had to complete nine terms to graduate. It took him nine years. He would come to Oxford in May and stay till the end of August whereupon he would sail for the Cape. His delicate constitution could not tolerate cool or moist climes. He was hugely gratified to graduate from Oxford. Cecil took considerable time off his busy business career to pursue tertiary education. In those days very few businessmen went to university.

Whilst at Oxford, Rhodes made friends with an Irishman who later became a Home Rule MP. Perhaps counterintuitively, Rhodes was a staunch advocate of Irish Home Rule.

The Masons was an organisation that Rhodes joined. He was sworn in Apollo Lodge which is the university lodge.

Cecil became one of the richest men in the world. He was a passionate believer in the efficacy and morality of British rule. He entered the political forum. He was elected to the Cape Parliament. Before long he was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony. He raised the wealth qualification required for the right to vote. This disenfranchised most black people. He said he believed in despotism for the country.

C J R had the abrasive racial views that typified the epoch. He used the opprobrious N word in relation to gentlemen of colour. At that time it was a matter of fact word. There is an apocryphal claim that he said, ”I prefer land to N———”. He alluded to the autochthonous people of South Africa as barbarians and said they ought to be driven off their native soil.

There were some African sovereign states to the north of British territory. It seemed manifest that these should come under the aegis of a European country. But which one would it be? Portugal had held colonies in the African coast for centuries. Germany was expanding her suzerainty into Africa. Cecil was determined that it should be Britain. He founded the British South African Company for the objective of expanding British rule into the interior.

Cecil encouraged his acolyte Rudd to go into what is now Zimbabwe. He met King Lobengula of the Ndebele. Lobengula signed the Rudd Concession. The king thought it was about mining. It more or less gave his country away. The Ndebele later rebelled but were bested. Rudd and the BSAC (British South African Company) later expanded further north into what is now Zambia. This became a British colony. Zambia and Zimbabwe became Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia respectively. They were named in honour of C J Rhodes.

Rhodes’ emissaries went into Barotseland and other places. They persuaded indigenous chieftains to sign concessions. Much of these were to a company directly controlled by Rhodes and not the BSAC. He wanted his representatives to go to the Congo. However, the Belgians attained a concession there first. Rhodes was accused of employing underhand tactics to induce African chiefs to leave their marks on various documents.

Zimbabwe turned out not to contain as much gold as had been anticipated. Many British immigrants became farmers. The Ndebele people revolted against the British twice but were worsted each time. It was 1895 when Zambia and Zimbabwe were officially named Rhodesia.

Megalomania was Rhodes’ flaw. He said he would annex planets if he could. He told someone: remember you are an Englishman and have one first prize in the lottery of life. He wanted to found a society dedicated to the extension of British rule to all corners of the globe. Rhodes admired the Jesuits in their dedication and intelligence. He wanted to found an order similar to theirs but devoted to the expansion of what he called the ‘English Empire.’ He dreamed of bringing the Holy Land (Palestine and Israel) into the British Empire. Cecil John said that he would annex whole planets if he could.

A confirmed misogynist, Rhodes never wed. A Polish countess chased him around Cape Town. She claimed to have fallen in love with him. More likely she loved his money. Rhodes held all male dinner parties. Most of his friends were married. He refused to meet their wives or daughters. He never wanted to hear about women.

C J Rhodes believed that some black men should have the right to vote. Many whites disagreed. He also believed that British immigrants should run the colonies through elected legislatures. He did not want London having too much say.

Rhodes disliked the Afrikaner Republics. These were Transvaal and the Orange Free State. The Afrikaners were Dutch speakers who ancestors had arrived in South Africa in 1652. Rhodes wanted these republics to be full parts of the empire. The republics refused. C J Rhodes believed that the Afrikaner republics were not doing enough in furtherance of mining.

The Jameson Raid in 1895 was tacitly encouraged by Rhodes. Some believed that Her Majesty’s Government gave a nod and a wink to it. London would have hailed the result if the Jameson Raid had been crowned with victory. Plausible deniability was wanted.

Dr Jameson and his confreres forged a letter. It purported to come from the beleaguered British community in the Orange Free State and the Transvaal Republic. The letter stated that the Britons resident in those states were groaning under heavy oppression and fearing for their lives at the hands of the Boers. The epistle called upon lionhearted Britons to emancipate their countrymen from this insupportable tyranny. Leander Starr Jameson attacked the Afrikaner states but was easily crushed. Jameson was Rhodes’ physician. Dr Jameson was captured by the Boers. The Boers (Afrikaners) chose not to treat the doctor to a led injection. Instead he was released to the British authorities. L S Jameson was shipped back to the United Kingdom. There he stood trial on various charges. He was found guilty and awarded several years incarceration. Frank Rhodes, Cecil’s brother, also participated. Frank was gaoled. Cecil resigned in disgrace.

In 1899 the Second South African War broke out. Rhodes believed that the Afrikaners had started it and they must be crushed. He was in very poor health by this time. In 1902 the OFS and Transvaal finally surrendered.

In 1902 it became clear that Cecil was dying. His last words were: so much to do, so little done. As was his wish he was buried on a hill in Zimbabwe. Although Rhodes is reviled by Zimbabweans there is a strong ethic against disinterring the dead. His tomb has not been disturbed to this day.

In Rhodes’ will he set up the Rhodes Scholarships. He foresaw the possibility of a war between the United Kingdom and Germany. He provided scholarships for males from the British colonies, the United States and Germany. Men under 26 could study at Oxford University for up to three years. He thought he could foster amity between Germany, the USA and the British Empire. He envisaged the USA re-joining the Empire.

Rhodes House in Oxford is named after C J Rhodes. Rhodes Scholars meet there.

Rhodes University in South Africa was founded by him. He also left a huge legacy to Oxford University and particularly to his college Oriel. A new building was built with his bequest.

C J Rhodes is a contentious figure. Many view him as racialist.

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  1. In what year was Rhodes born?
  2. What was his father’s occupation?
  3. What university did Rhodes attend?
  4. Why did he shift to South Africa?
  5. Why did it take him nine years to complete a degree?
  6. What was the Jameson Raid? Five marks.
  7. What were Rhodes ambitions for the British Empire? Five marks.
  8. Did Rhodes like women?
  9. What is the Rhodes Scholarship scheme? Five marks
  10. What is your opinion of Rhodes? Five marks.

Tory Party

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Conservative Party 

Introduction:

The Conservative and unionist party is the largest political party in the United Kingdom, founded in 1834, it has been a significant part of British politics ever since. 18 of the 55 British Prime Ministers have been members of the Conservative Party. The party’s support base has consisted primarily of middle class voters, especially in rural and suburban areas of southern England. Its domination of British politics throughout the 20th century and its re-emergence in the 2010s has led to it being referred to as one of the most successful political parties in the Western world, in 2015 it was the largest party in Europe. 

Party draws support mostly from white, middle and high income people in the countryside of southern England.

Ideology and values:

  • The Tories represent the “centre-right” of British politics, while there are factions within the party, they follow several lose key points. Cornerstone are hardliners.
  • A social market economy, with a strong private sector yet well functioning public services.
  • A tough stance on law and order. A strong police force and judicial system.
  •  Socially Conservative social policy, importance placed on civil liberties but an emphasis on tradition and heritage where tradition and heritage can still play a role.
  • An Atlanticist approach to Foreign policy, favouring relations with the US, Canada, Australia and Japan. Also favouring a wide range of international organisations ranging from NATO to the Commonwealth of Nations. They have been famously divided over the EU for the past two decades.
  • A strong stance on defence, relatively high defence spending. They were famously more pro-Iraq invasion than Labour.

Some IMPORTANT facts:

  • Founded in 1834. J W Croker coined the term conservative party shortly prior. The nickname Tory is still used and originated in the Exclusion Crisis of 1681.
  • Their symbol is a sketched silhouette of an Oak tree to reflect a progressive stance on environmentalism. Moreover an oak is long lasting and reassuring. it used to be an Olympic flame.
  • Their central office is located in Westminster, it is known as CCHQ.
  • They have 364 out of the 650 MPs in the Commons, making the majority party.
  • They have 258 out of 795 peers in the upper house. 8/25 London Assembly members, 7,000/20,000 local councillors and 4 out of 25 directly elected city mayors.
  • They have been in government currently for 10 years.
  • Factions

Some of the most famous and influential Prime Ministers have been Conservatives:

  • Margaret Thatcher – Perhaps the most polarising PM in British history, Margaret Thatcher’s legacy is that of free-market policies including trade liberalisation, deregulation, sweeping privatisation, breaking the power of the unions, individualism and the creation of an “enterprise culture” – an ideology that has come to be known as “Thatcherism”.
  • The former leader, who died in 2013, sought to impose a “creed of thrift, of self-reliance, of aspiration, of liberty in the purest sense”, and of “unswerving, ironclad patriotism – seen most obviously in her decision to launch a task force to reclaim the Falkland Islands, when so many siren voices suggested she let the junta’s aggression stand”, says The Daily Telegraph.
  • However, her boot-strap policies and harsh attitude toward striking miners has made her one of the most hated politicians in UK history among certain communities.
  • “She destroyed too many good things in society, and created too many bad ones, then left a social and moral vacuum in which the selfishly rich and unimaginatively fortunate could too easily destroy still more of what they don’t need and can’t see that everyone else does need,” author Emma Darwin has argued.
  • Nonetheless, Thatcher remains a towering figure, and an icon for Conservatives and free-trade enthusiasts the world over.
Winston Churchill
Repeatedly voted the greatest Briton of all time, Churchill is almost certainly the most iconic British PM, according to the BBC.
“The case for him is a powerful one, of course,” the broadcaster adds. “He was first a government minister in 1908, and occupied most of the top jobs in politics during half a century. He finally retired in 1955, having served as prime minister for a total of nine years.
“But it was his extraordinary leadership in WWII that marked him out.”
However, Churchill’s reputation has been tarnished by increasing scrutiny in recent years of his relationship with British India. The legendary Tory, who died in 1965, considered independence leader Mahatma Ghandi a threat to the British Empire, and has been accused of triggering a devastating famine in Bengal in 1943 through large-scale exports of food from India. Churchill has also been criticised for his tough attitudes on unions and workers rights, including a notorious incident in which soldiers were deployed in response to strikes in Tonypandy in South Wales during his tenure as home secretary.

Harold Macmillan:

  • Harold Macmillan was one of several British prime ministers to serve in the First World War in his youth. Macmillan miraculously survived severe wounds during the Battle of the Somme to enter Parliament eventually in 1924. He became prime minister following the resignation of Anthony Eden. During his time as prime minister he promoted significant public investment and oversaw an affluent age of high growth and low unemployment.
  • Macmillan’s Conservative government was eventually toppled by a series of events, one of the most famous being the Profumo affair. The widely publicised affair led to a jail sentence for Keeler, Profumo’s resignation in disgrace and even the suicide of Keeler’s friend. It also fatally damaged the reputation of Macmillan’s government. He resigned under increasing pressure in October 1963, following a bout of ill health.

The latter reign of Henry VII

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Latter reign of Henry VII

The king dated his reign from 21 August 1485. That was the day before the Battle of Bosworth. Therefore anyone who had fought against him was guilty of treason. However, he forgave Yorkists who swore loyalty to him. Henry VII reasoned that by doing so he would reduce the chances that Yorkists would rebel.

Elizabeth of York was his very distant cousin. They had seven children. Their firstborn was Arthur. Arthur was proclaimed Prince of Wales. Because of Henry VII’s marriage to Elizabeth of York the Tudor Rose was created. This was a red rose and a white rose combined. Henry VII’s surname was Tudor.

In 1496 Scotland invaded England. James IV King of Scots supported Perqin Warbeck. Warbeck pretended to be Richard of Shrewsbury (one of the Princes in the Tower). The Scots were repelled. Henry VII became harsher on Yorkists. He executed the Earl of Warwick whom he had previously forgiven.

Henry VII was effective at making people pay tax. Sometimes he justified taxes on the basis that he needed to fund the army and navy to fight against Scotland. It is a measure of his success as a king that he raised revenue. Much of the money was not spent on the military. He was prudent with his money. People called him miserly and greedy.

John Morton was the Archbishop of Canterbury at the time. The Archbishop of Canterbury is the highest priest in England. The king made Morton Lord Chancellor too. The Lord Chancellor was the king’s most important minister. Morton was therefore the top man in the church and in government (except for the king).

Morton was an excellent administrator. He was fantastic at forcing landowners to pay tax. If a landowner spent a lot of money Morton would say that this proved that the man was rich and a huge amount in tax would be demanded. If a landowner did not spend much then the Morton would say this must mean that the man was saving money and so a large tax bill would be handed to the man. This quandary is called Morton’s Fork.

Henry VII brought in a new system of weighing things. It was called a pound avoirdupois. The word ‘avoirdupois’ comes from the French words meaning ‘to have some weight.’ The symbol for the pound avoirdupois is ‘lb’. It is not the same as a pound sterling which is money.

In 1489 Henry VII sent 6 000 soldiers to Brittany. This is a peninsula beside France. The French were trying to conquer Brittany. Henry VII had lived in Brittany for years. He was grateful to the Bretons. He helped them maintain their independence.

Henry VII eventually made peace with France. They recognised Brittany’s independence and they paid Henry VII some money. The French promised not to support any pretenders against Henry VII. The king was eager to conclude peace because war is costly and risky. Moreover, an enemy country could support someone trying to usurp his crown.

Henry VII built up the navy. He ordered the world’s first ever dry dock to be built at Portsmouth. Ships could be sailed into the dry dock. A wooden support would be built around the ship and the water drained out. This would allow men to work on the hull of the ship.

In 1489 the king signed a treaty of alliance with Spain. This agree that his son Arthur would wed Catherine of Aragon. She was the daughter of the King of Spain. Henry VII realised that Spain was powerful and growing in strength.

Henry VII made important trade agreements with various countries including Flanders and some Italian city states. Italy was not a united country back then. The economy was improved by the king’s trade policy.

In 1501 Arthur married Catherine of Aragon. They were both 15. Spain paid a huge dowry to the couple. They went on honeymoon to Ludlow Castle. Arthur fell ill and died a few months later.

The king mourned the death of his son. His second son was Henry VIII. The king did not want to lose the marriage alliance with Spain. He would not repay the dowry to Spain nor let Catherine go home.

A man was not allowed to marry his dead brother’s wife. Henry VII negotiated with the pope to get a dispensation allowing Henry VIII to marry Catherine of Aragon. In time the pope agreed. Even though the pope granted permission the king did not allow his surviving son to marry Catherine of Aragon. Henry VII decided to wait until his son was older.

In April 1509 Henry VII died of an illness. Few mourned him.

logic question

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Explain how this is possible.

A man and his daughter are travelling in car. There is a car crash. Both of them are injured. An ambulance takes them to hospital. The daughter is brought to be operated on. The doctor says, ”I cannot operate on her. She is my daughter.”

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If today is a week day. Is tomorrow being a weekend day

CERTAIN

or

POSSIBLE

or

IMPOSSIBLE

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Emily and George are cousins. Emily’s grandfather is Birney. From this information assess the statement that Birney is George’s grandfather.

CERTAINLY TRUE

CERTAINLY FALSE

NOT SURE.

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RIDDLE

As I was going to St. Ives,

I met a man with seven wives,Each wife had seven sacks,

Each sack had seven cats,

Each cat had seven kits:

Kits, cats, sacks, and wives,

How many were there going to St. Ives?

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Thank you letter

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Thank you letter

Imagine that you have stayed with another family for a week. You leave and then write to them to thank them for their hospitality.

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Dear Mr and Mrs Huckfield,

I am writing to you to say how grateful I am to you for the splendid week that I spent with you at your exquisite house lately. Thank you so much for inviting me. You really made me feel at home and I was made to feel very welcome.

Going fishing with you was a lot of fun. I learned a lot of skills. I also really enjoyed swimming in the sea. Taking a dip in the Atlantic Ocean each morning was bracing and a magnificent start to the day. It energised me.

Thank you so much for serving me such healthful and delectable meals. The provender that you cooked was heavenly. I have a Lucullan feast each evening washed down with copious glassfuls of cranberry juice produced in your delightful garden.

Ariadne and Electra were very hospitable. They took me under their wing. They were most accommodating and considerate.

I discovered the ineffable exquisiteness of the countryside. I am acquiring a taste for the bucolic life.

I am very fond of your dog Bella. She is a faithful and well-trained hound. I only wish I had a pet like her.

I was deeply touched by your liberality. I am most ingratiated to you for the present you gave me. I vainly hope that the present that I gave you was acceptable.

If you are ever in my part of the world please let me know. You shall all be more than welcome to come and stay for as long as you like. I am forever in your debt. Your kindness shall never be lost to remembrance.

Yours most gratefully,

            Greville Winstanley.