bills. bank notes
I need a ….
quarter of …
4th of July – July 4.
bills. bank notes
I need a ….
quarter of …
4th of July – July 4.
Bernard Law Montgomery was born in 1888. He came from the United Kingdom. His stock was Irish and English. His name relates to a place in Wales. For short he was known as Monty.
Monty’s father was a clergyman in the Church of England. This man was a very engaging preacher and was zealous in charitable work. He had a parish at Kennington in London. The church stands to this day. He was such an effectual cleric that he was promoted to be a bishop.
Monty attended St Paul’s School in London. This is one of the most distinguished schools in the kingdom. The school was then situated in an area called Hammersmith. He then went to Sandhurst Royal Military Academy. He passed out with distinction after the standard two years. He was commissioned into an infantry regiment.
The first years of Monty’s service were in India. He was posted to Quetta – now in Pakistan. He rode to the hounds a lot there.
The First World War broke out. Monty was posted to the Western Front. He was unafraid of death and acquitted himself commendably.
In 1920 Monty was sent to Ireland. There was an insurgency there. He said that such conflicts ”tend to lower standards of chivalry”. He also commented that ”the belief that we should not sort the wolves from the sheep is fundamentally wrong.”
The conflict ended in negotiation in 1921. Monty wrote, ”I consider Lloyd George to be write in doing what he did.” Lloyd George was the prime minister.
Monty was involved in reorganising the much reduced British Army after the Great War. He was forward looking. He was notably lax about dress. Monty did not drink or smoke which was highly unusual at the time.
The Second World War started in 1939. Monty was promoted again. He was sent to North Africa. Several British generals had failed to dislodge the Germans from Libya. Monty organised things meticulously. He also lobbied London effectually. He convinced them of how crucial the war in the Western Desert was. Monty was sent ample men and supplies.
The German general was Erwin Rommel. Rommel was perhaps the ablest German commander of the war. He was known as the Desert Fox. He was cunning and honourable. Rommel said this was ”war without hate”. There were no atrocities on this front. Monty was promoted field marshal whilst he fought Rommel.
In November 1942 the Germans and Italians invaded Egypt. They fought around a railway station named El Alamein. To the north was the sea. To the south was the Al Qattara Depression which was almost impassable. Monty was well prepared. He had many boxes. These were squares surrounded by barbed wire. Inside would be several soldiers and perhaps a machinegun or piece of artillery. These units were lined up diagonally. They had interlocking fields of fire. The Axis found them time consuming and costly to storm. They could be bypassed but then the Axis would have enemy to their rear.
Rommel was seriously ill and had to fly to Germany for medical treatment. This impacted on his performance. His second – in – command was not as able as he was.
In November 1942 Monty sent out a message to his troops. He said the aim was ”to hit Rommel for six.” He added, ”Let no man surrender unless he is wounded and cannot fight.” Rommel went on morale boosting snap inspections of his men. He also had a double. His lookalike – an Australian actor – flew around to confuse the Germans as to Monty’s whereabouts. This actor drank and smoked a lot. He had to give up when impersonating Monty. He had been ding impressions of Monty on stage when he was given this secret assignment. To get him into the mindset he was given a field marshal’s pay for the days he played Monty.
The Allies had a two to one advantage in men. The Axis was very short of fuel. The Allies had men from India, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. They began Operation Supercharge. The Allies had repelled the Axis attack. The Allied counterattack smashed the Axis lines.
Before long the Axis were in full retreat. Monty pursued Rommel. However, he did not chase the German too closely. He was war lest a trap be set. Some have castigated Monty for not pursuing the enemy faster when the enemy was in a rout.
Churchill had said ”I cannot get the victories”. Then El Alamein had come. Churchill later said ”Before Alamein never a victory. After Alamein never a defeat.”
The Axis forces did not stop until they got to Tunisia. The Americans had stormed Morocco and Algeria. Many of the Vichy French had become Free French by then.
Monty teamed up with the American Eisenhower. They closed in on the Axis. The Axis forces were soon compelled to evacuate to Italy. Many Axis soldiers did not make it and hundreds of thousands were taken prisoners.
Monty went back to the UK. Church bells had been rung in celebration at the victory. He was put in charge of British troops for Operation Overlord. His commander was the American Dwight D Eisenhower. He sometimes argued with him. Eisenhower would chide him, ”Monty you cannot say that to me. I am your boss.”
On 6 June D Day went ahead. The Western Allies landed in Normandy. The fighting was heavy but they gained a foothold. They soon broke out of Normandy and drove the Germans back.
Monty was noted for his caution. He waited until he had all the troops and equipment he needed. Only then did he attack. Some have excoriated him as overly circumspect. He missed golden opportunities by being too risk averse.
In late 1944 Monty conceived an audacious plan to end the war that year. The aim was for paratroopers to land in the Netherlands and seize the bridge over the Rhine at Arnhem. They would have to hold the town for two days. Troops in Belgium would fight their way through to link up with the men at Arnhem. From there the Allies would attack into Germany. The North German Plain was much less defensible territory than further south.
This was an uncharacteristically daring gambit. It was tried in September 1944. It was called Operation Market Garden. Allied parachutists landed at Arnhem. They took the town with difficulty. The SS happened to be nearby. These crack troops were a very tough match. The SS general Sepp Dietrich was there.
The Dutch resistance came into the open to assist the Allies. They wore orange armbands to identify themselves.
The Allied troops in Belgium strove to fight their way through. They had to cross several bridges to reach Arnhem. The Germans surrounded the paratroopers at Arnhem. They Germans also destroyed bridges in between Belgium and Arnhem. The paratroopers held out for seven days. They surrendered when their ammunition was exhausted.
The plan had failed. Monty still had a major role in the invasion of Germany.
AFter the war he was chief of imperial general staff. Later he was elevated to the peerage. Earl Montgomery of Alamein spoke up for apartheid. He was horrified at the notion that sodomy would be legalised. ”This is the sort of thing the French might tolerate but we are still British thank God”. He died in 1976.
Debating motions for schools
Country specific motions
2. This House believes that the Olympics should have a permanent home in our country
3. This house would go on holiday in our country.
4. This House would adopt the Latin alphabet for Russian.
5. This house would shift the capital back to St Petersburg.
6. This house wants Belarus to reunite with us.
7. This house would bury Lenin in an ordinary grave.
8. This house would remove all Soviet symbols from public spaces.
9. This house does not trust foreign media.
1.This house believes that the United Nations has failed————————
2. This house welcomes India as a superpower.——————————-
3. This house believes that this is China’s century———————
4. This house dislikes the excessive spread of English. ———————————
5. This house wants a world currency to be created.
2. This house would allow people to leave school at 14 if they want.—————-
3. This house believes that Chinese is a more important language than English.—————–
4. This house believes that Maths is the most important subject
5. This house would abolish school uniform—————————-
6. This house believes that boys and girls should go to separate schools
7. This house believes that women are more intelligent than men.
8. This house prefers short but regular holidays to long but infrequent holidays.
9. This house believes that university should be completely free of charge——–
10. This house would abolish homework——————–
11. This house believes that books have no future
2. This house believes that television rots the mind.
3. This house believes that the economy matters more than the environment.
4. This house believes that the car is the worst invention ever.
6. This house believes that further space exploration is useless.
7. This house supports a manned space mission to Mars.
8. This house believes that medicine is the most respectable profession.
9. This house believes that next year will be better than this year.
2. This house believes that the minimum age of marriage should be raised to 21.
3. This house would forbid tattoos.
4. This house would ban advertising for unhealthy food.
5. This house believes that adults should be obliged to take exercise.
6. This house believes that no couple should have more than one child.—————–
7. This house believes that women should be obliged to do military service just the same as men.————————-
8. This house would ban alcohol—————————————–
9. This house would ban tobacco.——————————————–
10. This house would outlaw the inheritance of property———————–
11. This house would legally require healthy adults to donate blood.—————-
12. This house would outlaw cosmetic surgery.———————-
13. This house believes that gender equality has been achieved.
14. This house is feminist.
15. This house would legally require everyone to give a DNA sample to the police.
4. This house would outlaw the testing of medicines and cosmetics on animals.
5. This house believes that a dog is man’s best friend.
4. This house would never tell a lie.
5. This house believes that vegetarianism is superior.
6. This house likes Valentine’s Day
7. This house believes that monarchy is bad.————————————-
8. This house believes that Hollywood is a bad influence.
9.This house believes that the bodies of the dead should always be used for organ donation or research.
10. This house prefers summer to winter
11.This house would abolish the death penalty.———————————
13.This House believes that torture is sometimes justified.————————-
14. This house does not judge by appearances
15. This house would allow euthanasia.————————————-
2. This house believes that gender equality has been achieved.
3. This house believes that mobile phones are a curse.
4. This house does not like Christmas.
5. This house believes that the fashion industry is immoral.—————————-
6. This house would tell its children to believe in Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny.
Transport and the environment
2. This house believes that more economic development is undesirable.
3. This House believes that global warming is the greatest threat.———————-
4. This House would reduce the speed limit on motorways to 70 km/p/h.
5. This House would ban private jets.
6. This House believes that the economy is more important than the environment.
This country is in Central Asia.
The official language is Uzbek. That is a Turkic language meaning that it is related to Turkish. This language is written in the Latin alphabet.
The capital city is Tashkent. It is pronounced ”TOSH town” and means ”stone city.” Other notable cities are Bukhara, Khiva and Samarkand. These are ancient cities with magnificent mosques, palaces, forts and suchlike.
The Mongols conquered this country in the Middle Ages. The khans brought their soldiers with them. This land is an ethnic crossroads. It borders Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The population of Uzbekistan is about 26 000 000.
The country has some oil and gas. Many people are farmers. The country produces a lot of cotton.
Tamurlane was interred in Uzbekistan. There was a curse attached to his tomb. Whomsoever opened his tomb would suffer the most horrific suffering on his people. Heedless of this warning, Soviet archaeologists broke open his tomb. Hours later Germany invaded the USSR and slew 20 000 000 Soviets.
The people of this nation are mostly Muslim. It is a secular state. Most of the people are ethnically Uzbek. There are also Uzbek citizens of the Russian ethnicity.
The Uzbek Flag is blue, green and white. There is a crescent moon as the symbol of Islam on the flag.
Uzbekistan was part of the Russian Empire and subsequently the Soviet Union. Uzbekistan became independent in 1991. The founding president of the Republic of Uzbekistan was Islam Karimov.
President Karimov was extraordinarily popular. He was known to defend human rights and to strive for the upliftment of his people. It is melancholy to report that President Karimov died in 2016. He was succeeded by Mirziyoyev.
Many Uzbeks live and work abroad. They reside in countries such as Russia, Kazakhstan and the UAE.
cerebral. bears her erudition lightly.
civilised. courteous. sincer.e
listen to her speeches. opposite of Trump. dignified.
president? needs to be in congress first.
too much of dynasties. bush then Clinton
black and female might be too much.
On Iraqi television he said that he was spying on Iraq and doing so at the behhest of the Zionist entity. It was a claim that was so ludicrous that it did not deserve a minute’s consideration. I too regarded such a statement as blatantly bogus.
For those of you who do not know about Farzad Bazoft here is his background. He was born in Iran in 1959. He moved to the United Kingdom in the 70s for his education. He became absolutely fluent in English. He was out of Iran when the Revolution occurred in 1979. He was an outspoken opponent of the new theocratic regime. Bazoft was penurious in 1980 and robbed a premises in the UK. For this he served a year in prison. He became a journalist on his release.
In the late 1980s he went to Iraq several times. The Iraqi Government knew he was Iranian born. Because he was a forthright critic of the mullahs the Ba’athists welcomed him with open arms. Several thousand Iranians were in Iraq fighting alongside the Iraqi Army. They hoped to defeat the mullahs and restore secularism in Iran.
Bazoft went with British nurse to investigate an enormous explosion near Baghdad. 700 people had been killed in it. F Bazoft was aware of rumours that this explosion was evidence that Iraq was making weapons of mass destruction. Mr Bazoft and his friend Daphne Parish were later arrested and charged with espionage.
Bazfot lost a huge amount of weight in prison. No one knows for sure what Mukhabarat did to him in prison. Suffice it to say that the Iraqi secret police had a reputation as being the cruelest torturers in the world. They were known to dip limbs in acid and drill through bones. They could easily have extracted a false statement from Bazoft. In the video of him saying he worked for the Zionist entity notice how much he blinks. This is a sign of lying.
The Iraqi authorities were canny enough to clean him up to make this statement. He wore a suit and sat in a luxurious room while he made this declaration. Why would he say he worked for the Institute even if this were the case? To say so would be to sentence himself to death. He knew that. He would only have said this under duress. F Bazoft was executed by hanging a few months later.
Many people dismissed this claim as furphy. In Gordon Thomas’ book he claims that Bazoft really did work for Mossad. Can this be true? Is such a statement so daft after all?
Why do people work as secret agents for another country? They say MICE – Money, Ideology, Compromise and E .
Bazoft had financial problems and had robbed before. It is possible that he was paid by Tel Aviv.
It could have been ideology. He said he detested the Iranian Government. But did he? In the UK in the 1980s that was the only sensible thing to say. Teheran decried the UK as the Little Satan. He might secretly have approved of the Iranian regime. On the other hand he may have wished to serve Iran whatever its government. Your country is your country. The Iran-Iraq War had ended in 1988 but relations were still very tense in 1990. There was a possibility that the war would re-erupt. Remember that Israel and Iran co operated against Iraq. The enemy of my enemy of my friend. The Zionist Entity sold weapons to Persia. Iraq was seen as the most immediate threat to Israel so anything that weakened Iraq was good for Tel Aviv. That is why Bazoft might have served the Institute and done so in good conscience that he was advancing the cause of his native land. He could have been doing so because Iran wanted him to. He still had friends and relatives in Iran. They could be harmed if he did not play ball.
Compromise – he might have been caught doing something embarrassing and blackmailed into working for the Jewish State. No one has suggested what this might be.
Revenge – he might have been doing this to exact revenge.
We may never know the truth. Overall, I think it unlikely that he was a spy at all. He told the Iraqi authorities where he was going. He was pursuing a journalistic interest. He did not use tradecraft. He seemed to have no training as a secret agent. No one tried to get him out. In his case the Institute abandon people like him since he was not one of them. The Iraqi Army officer who was judge at the man’s trial said that he knew the defendant was innocent. Nevertheless the man presiding over the military court pronounced Bazoft guilty since he had been ordered to do so.
We are the bad teens girls
we wear our hair in curls
we wear blue dungarees
down to our shapely knees
we don’t smoke or drink
that’s what our parents think
My mummy was surprised to see my belly rise
My daddy jumped for joy
It was a baby boy.