Monthly Archives: August 2020

a dream of termination


Lewy limtay male goes to doc. wants to terminate. male doctor speaks tranquilly. lewy totally decided and philosophical about it.

the imp is in a jar to begin with. How can lewy be gravid? do not recall denoument. why think of it? PAths not taken. rue the day. rue hellhole and devil. perhaps recollecting boyhood and wish to undergo this experience but to flower in that way.

scholarship prose


Extract from ”A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man” by James Joyce

Once upon a time and a very good time it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tuckoo….

His father told him that story: his father looked at him through a glass: he had a hairy face.

He was baby tuckoo. The moocow came down the road where Betty Byrne lived: she sold lemon platt.

O, the wild rose blossoms
On the little green place.

He sang that song. That was his song.

O, the green wothe botheth.

When you wet the bed, first it is warm then it gets cold. His mother put on the oilsheet. That had the queer smell.

His mother had a nicer smell than his father. She played on the piano the sailor’s hornpipe for him to dance. He danced:

Tralala lala,
Tralala tralaladdy,
Tralala lala,
Tralala lala

Uncle Charles and Dante clapped. They were older than his father and mother but uncle Charles was older than Dante.

Dante had two brushes in her press. The brush with the maroon velvet back was for Michael Davitt and the brush with the green velvet back was for Parnell. Dante gave him a cachou every time he brought her a piece of tissue paper.

The Vances lived in number seven. They had a different father and mother. They were Eileen’s father and mother. When they were grown up he was going to marry Eileen. He hid under the table. His mother said:

—O, Stephen will apologise.

Dante said:

—O, if not, the eagles will come and pull out his eyes.—

Pull out his eyes,
Pull out his eyes.


  1. What sort of language is being used in the first and third paragraphs? Who is it aimed at? Use quotations to support your answer. 4 marks.

2. What is the effect of Dante saying ”pull out his eyes” and ”apologise”? 3 marks.


Extract from ”Zastrozzi” by Percy Bysshe Shelley.

Torn from the society of all he held dear on earth, the victim of secret enemies, and exiled from happiness, was the wretched Verezzi!

All was quiet; a pitchy darkness in volved the face of things, when, urged by fiercest revenge, placed himself at the door of the inn where, undisturbed, Verezzi slept.

Loudly he called the landlord. The landlord, to whom the bare name of was terrible, trembling obeyed the summons.

“Thou knowest Verezzi the Italian? he lodges here.” “He does,” answered the landlord.

“Him, then, have I devoted to destruction,” exclaimed . “Let Ugo and Bernardo follow you to his apartment; I will be with you to prevent mischief.”

Cautiously they ascended–successfully they executed their revengeful purpose, and bore the sleeping Verezzi to the place, where a chariot waited to convey the vindictive ‘s prey to the place of its destination.

Ugo and Bernardo lifted the still sleeping Verezzi into the chariot. Rapidly they travelled onwards for several hours. Verezzi was still wrapped in deep sleep, from which all the movements he had undergone had been insufficient to rouse him.

And Ugo were masked, as was Bernardo, who acted as postition.

It was still dark, when they stopped at a small inn, on a remote and desolate heath; and waiting but to change horses, again advanced. At last day appeared–still the slumbers of Verezzi remained unbroken.

Ugo fearfully questioned as to the cause of his extraordinary sleep. Zastrozzi, who, however, was well acquainted with it, gloomily answered, “I know not.”

Swiftly they travelled during the whole of the day, over which nature seemed to have drawn her most gloomy curtain.–They stopped occasionally at inns to change horses and obtain refreshments.

Night came on–they forsook the beaten track, and, entering an immense forest, made their way slowly through the rugged underwood.

At last they stopped–they lifted their victim from the chariot, and bore him to a cavern, which yawned in a dell close by.


3. How does the author create mood and atmosphere in this passage. Quote the passage to support your answer. 5 marks

4. Is this passage set in the 21st century? Quote the passage to support your answer. 3 marks.

5. Look at the passage by Joyce and the passage by Shelley. Which one is more effective in holding the reader’s interest? Quote the texts to support your answer. 10 marks.

RNC ===============================


mind blowing moronic malevolence

180 000

rally tihht bodn. no masks. super spreader. example. anti science anti intellectual,

unprecedented. no platform. scaremongering. no ideas. bereft of policies

fact free. clinton. content free. mindless . don’t think – feel. cognitively subnormal.

channel fear and fury.

mark and patricioaye mccloskey invited to speak. thratene to kill blackpeople for walking down street

scared. go intoyour house.

lacerate biden. ad hominem. nothing positive tp say about his own lamentable record maladminsitration.

crime. statues. socialism tax.

biden to destroy jobs. obama biden created more jobs.

”the left backwards views.” harks back to white supremacy. robber barons.

Bidn against christiantiy.

deficit. financial porblems he caused. unemployment. $600 for each.

barefaved lying Biden no socialist. radical. middle of the road. establishment


”bideb assaied anerica as a land of racial, economic and social injustice.”

uncontroversial statemtns. income inequality. racism.

unflateering not unture

to solcve a problem you must first recognise it exists,.

”america most free, mos just most expcetional nation”

most free. drinking. drugs. jail.


most just. trump not in jail. income inequality. soicial justice. murder of blaxck people.

claims bidens would not follow sicnece on coronaviurys. biden wiuld

trump did not.

projection. cost of biden shut down in ill health, suicide and poveryt.

ivanka trump – dad is champiomn of the worker

ones he did not pay> NO Mimumum wage. immigrant workers.

said her dad was effective. at lying yes

a builder. has not built the wall.

braggadocio. more for blcks. truman, eisenhower. JFK. johnson.

immodest. immoderate.

pumb the depths

scrape the gutter but is holier than thou

speaks in superlatives. hyperbole smacks of desperation

white house freighted with responibsility. mindful awe striking power of the presidency.

a backdrop. prop. photo op. visuals


belligerent stupidyt

not a word abot bounties to kill americans in afghanistan

malenia. americans deserves a president who tells the truh.

20 000 lies. flabbergasting.

racial hate.

screeds. racial animus metastisise .

very fine peoole. would not denounce KKK. racist traitors names on bases.

corruption. donated to judge investoatoing him in florida.

tax returns.

BLM. 2 men murdeed. kYLE RITTENHOUSE tucker calrosn endorsed. ann coulter says she wats hin to be president

black man shot. kENosha. had knofe in care. he is allowed to bear amrs.

dishonourbale unprincipled GOP. low down and dirty, nothing they will not stoop to.

law and order. lawleness and disroder.

mike pompeop. speech from jerusalem in breach of own rueles. parisANSHip.

trump leading US to darkness and dystopia.

everything to play for. no gloating

suppress a growing sense of optimism,

vile unscrupulous. teller of lies on stilts


lacking in mental equioment. utterly bereft of common decency or common sense.

loathsine lies lapped up by credulous and hate filled. stupedfying stupidyt f those who trust him.

losing his mental faculties. noisome and vicious.

MAGA. even he does not say it is great.

nothing will appall his conscience. he has no consciencde.

4 more years of school,

web of deceit. treacherous, egotistical, desoicable.

wrenched from white huse.

Oundle scholarship 2016


Wind by Ted Hughes

This house has been far out at sea all night,
The woods crashing through darkness, the booming hills,
Winds stampeding the fields under the window
Floundering black astride and blinding wet

Till day rose; then under an orange sky
The hills had new places, and wind wielded
Blade-light luminous black and emerald,
Flexing like the lens of a mad eye.

At noon I scaled along the house-side as far as
The coal-house door. Once I looked up –
Through the brunt wind that dented the balls of my eyes
The tent of the hills drummed and strained its guyrope,

The fields quivering, the skyline a grimace,
At any second to bang and vanish with a flap:
The wind flung a magpie away and a blackBack gull bent like an iron bar slowly. The house

Rang like some fine green goblet in the note
That any second would shatter it. Now deep
In chairs, in front of the great fire, we grip
Our hearts and cannot entertain book, thought,

Or each other. We watch the fire blazing,
And feel the roots of the house move, but sit on,
Seeing the window tremble to come in,
Hearing the stones cry out under the horizons.

  1. How literally should we read the first line of the poem? What is the poet
    suggesting here?
    (2 marks)

No, the first line is not to be understood literally. Ted Hughes wrote this figuratively to impart the notion of how the house by the coast is blasted by the gales.

  1. Look carefully at the verbs ‘crashing’ and ‘stampeding’ in the first stanza. Why
    do you think Hughes chose these particular words to describe the wind and
    what effects are created by them?
    (4 marks)

The poet wrote this words in the first verse to indicate the strength of the pact of the wind on the forest and hint at trees being blown over. This non-literal and surprising use of language grabs the readers attention and underscores the violence of the tempest. Of course these things cannot stampede but it puts the reader in mind of the chaos and fury of the situation. The effects are of the power of the natural world and to enthrall the reader.

  1. What do you think is meant by the lines ‘wind wielded / Blade-light black and
    emerald’ (lines 6-7)?
    (3 marks)

Wind wielded is alliteration and it also gives us the impression of things being picked up and thrown around by the wind. The wind is personified and seems to be in charge. The blade light black emerald suggests the sun rising over a dark crowd brooding above the sea.

  1. Describe some of the ways in which Hughes presents the weather as dangerous
    or threatening.
    (5 marks)

Hughes uses metaphors and similes which put us in mind of something perilous. Words such as fire are used. The weather seems incredibly and awesomely strong and destructive. People are menaced by it. Words like shatter and tremble are used. These have very negative associations in a person’s mind.

  1. What do you think is meant by the lines ‘The house / Rang like some fine green
    goblet in the note / That any second would shatter it’ (lines 16-18)?
    (3 marks)

This means that it seems like the house is about to break. The ringing is the horrid sound made by the sough of the wind. The people are tormented by the screeching of the incessant wind. A goblet is a wine glass and sometimes tracing your finger around the lip of the glass you can create a curious noise which re-echoes within the glass for some considerable time.

  1. What is your opinion of this poem? Support your answer with quotations from
    the text. In your answer you might like to comment on:
     the effectiveness of comparisons, such as metaphors and similes
     the sound of the words in the poem and the way they are grouped
     the form and structure of the poem.
    (8 marks)

The poem is highly effectual in its usage of metaphors, similes and suchlike literary devices. The words are grouped together well. After all Ted Hughes was the poet Laureate. There is a lot of onompatopeia.

The poem is divided into stanzas of four lines each. It has meter and rhyme.

There are words like ‘fire’ twice, and phrases like ‘we grip our hearts’. This is a unique and nonsensical phrase but it gives us an idea of how frightening it must feel. ‘floundering black astride the blinding wet’ shows us how it is as though something is helpless out there – some unseen mysterious force is riding a beast. The rain is sheeting in which is why it is blinding.

In conclusion, it is a marvelous poem. It deals with a well worn theme – the power of a storm – but in an innovative fashion. It could have been hackneyed and jaded but Hughes reinvented the weather poem.



gong for pres

delware. congress for decades

married twice. beau died.

christian .

middle brow.

pros. experience. name. VP. likeability. sunny disposition. no haters. honesty. unflappable. trump cannot lay a glove on him. magnanimity.

cons. advanced age. long in the tooth. failaures of obama. bussing. tin ear. gaffes.

presidenyc. iran deal.

economy. wage uspport. medicare. medicaid. end tax cuts for billionaires. slim down milutary. jerusalem. oppose russia. china. shore up NATO

no border wall. no more racist rhetirc. dreamers. puetro rico

.ruth bader ginsberg.

trump investigations. subpoenas. tax returns.


trump Meghan ===============================================


MM intervention. title tkane?

trump and MM similar. cocksure. self centred. apple of his own eye.

think they are spellbingers. fixated with fame.

persona is performative. tragedienne. self piuty. liyig. whirlwind

lacerate pople. no blistering attacks from MM. back stabs. hides behing off the record.

never do anything unglamorous.

competiton of martyrdom. spoling for a fight.

tolerablt familiar with media. image obsessed. cannot abide bad press

crave reportage. onlty thing worse than being talked about is….

acerbic. treacherous. periwinkle charm.

mistreat spouse.

champagne socialist. limousine liberal. gauche caviar.

trump eretheism in his penis. intimate acquaintances.

no linger so priapic. could not keep drawrs

melenia should get a cicisebo.

differences, trump is vulgar. cheap shots. low blows. below the belt,

trump has little useful knowledge

picks her way among challenges. glibness. seductress. lady macbeth?

she is smarter than trump. not hard. she is called many things but not stupid.

provocayeur. etaper le bourgeois. pugnacity.

inanity of trump saying biden is mentally ill no cult.

trumps caterans might resist new prsident.

athletics of personality.

trumps does not have a word hoard.

star of his show,


belarus what is going to happen



almost rusisan. lang. USSR. unreformed economy. Russian companues. 1999. union statse. more russian than the russians. KGB

subsidised minerals. transit fees. bases. hinest broker on ukraine.

personality clash with putin. ego. taller. choleric. macho. obstinacy.

income grwoth jyst around the corner. inegalitarian,. militarism. anti gay

dictator. ban formidable candidates. ban extremist parties. protesters are terrorists. ring necks.

oppostion politicans murdered in 1990s.

rows with russia. build up identity and lang

advocting union with russia isa crime. pro N Korea.

pro gadaffi, pro assad

MASSIVE electorial fraud. said it. exit polls. 80% for him.

220 000 at rally for opposition despite threats.

strikes. police defections,. ambassador

securitu apparatus and elit is obedient to lukashenka.

false accuse oppistion of being anti russian anti lang pro NATO pro EU. split orthodox church. i.e. Ukraine 2014


scenario 1. Lukashenka stays no reform

stall. pretend negotiations. stick and carrot. more money. concessions. fresh elections. last term. dissipate oppositon. boredom. protest profitless. cold weather. intransigence . placidity grudgingly returns.

fulsome backing of russua.

crackdown when he can, take ni rusks. more sanctions. no cheap deals form EU.

most likely.


scenario 2. Lukashenka stays with Russian intervention

FSB trucks. army and polkice

massacre on the streets. tianamen square. syria. libya. right tjing to do accoridn gto putin.

pushback. sanctions. pariah state. russia would habe to sibsidise him. more. integration would follow. he does not want that

prison capacity.,m


scenario 3. Lukashenka forms coalition with opposition

divide your enemies.

co-opt some. seen as a sham.mollify some

goes against the grain. he is to stiff necked. no serious compromise. calm the situation. neutrlaise the rest.

least likely. uncompromising. ni finesse. made hints at concessions. these are tokens,


scenario 4. Lukashenka falls. Democracy

strike. factotries. transport. security forces wil not fire on people. defections in the elite and KGB.

nio viiolence. police choose belarus or luakshenka. he flees porobably to russia.

stuill a lefitimate presidne they will say. foreign machinations.

russia can live with this. Cf armenia.

no desire to join EU or NATO. if they did these are years away. russia could intervene agains to ‘save’ russians.

new govt might have coridla working relationshio. full union seems off the table.


scenario 5. Lukashenka falls – new pro Russian dictator.

palace coup cooked up in the kremlin. KGB and FSB,. regime insduer. kill him?

musical chairs. give him a chance. be part of russian even unofficially.

Oundle scholarship. adlestrop.


Adlestrop by Edward Thomas (1878-1917)

Yes, I remember Adlestrop –
The name, because one afternoon
Of heat the express-train drew up there
Unwontedly. It was late June.
The steam hissed. Someone cleared his throat.
No one left and no one came
On the bare platform. What I saw
Was Adlestrop – only the name

And willows, willow-herb, and grass,
And meadowsweet, and haycocks dry,
No whit less still and lonely fair
Than the high cloudlets in the sky.
And for that minute a blackbird sang
Close by, and round him, mistier,
Farther and farther, all the birds
Of Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire.

Interruption to a Journey by Norman MacCraig (1910-1996)

The hare we had run over
Bounced about the road
On the springing curve
Of its spine.

Cornfields breathed in the darkness.
We were going through the darkness and
The breathing cornfields from one
Important place to another.
We broke the hare’s neck
And made that place, for a moment,
The most important place there was,
Where a bowstring was cut
And a bow broken for ever
That had shot itself through so many
Darknesses and cornfields.
It was left in that landscape
It left us in another.

On ‘Adlestrop’

  1. What does the poet feel about stopping at Adlestrop? Support your answer
    with quotations from the poem. (5 marks)

The poet is nostalgic about Adlestrop. The fact that he wishes to recall it hints at it being a happy memory. But all the things he mentions in relation to stopping at this place have upbeat connotations such as, ”It was late June.” The clement weather is associated with happiness. In this poem natures proclaims its fullest glory, ‘the willows, willow herb and grass/ the meadowsweet…” The ‘high cloudlets in the sky’ make it seem idyllic.

  1. Comment on some of the effects of the poet’s use of repetition in the poem.
    (5 marks)

The poet repeats himself a lot though sometimes indirectly. ‘Willow and willow herb’ are almost the same thing. When he says of the platform ‘no one went and no one came’ he does not need to add ‘the platform bare’. This is a literary device called repetition for effect. He says ‘Adlestrop’ twice in the poem. Later he says ‘farther and father’ which is not strictly necessary. The poet is reminiscing and the manner in which he wrote conveys this. Memory works like that – certain standout details present themselves again and again. The poem seems like an interior monologue.

  1. On ‘Interruption to a Journey’
  2. What impression of the hare is created through the poet’s choice of vocabulary?
    Support your answer with quotations from the poem. (5 marks)

The hare comes across as being lithe, svelte and admirable. He used a simile ‘like a bowstring’ to indicate how taut and perfectly shaped the animal is. MacCraig wrote ‘bounced about the road’ rather than ‘bounced on the road’ to show us just how energetic and flexible the hare was. This makes us admire the hare. The poet never alludes to the hare as ‘it’ but always ‘the hare’ to almost personify the animal. The impression this gives is that the animal is to be valued and its death mourned.

  1. In what different ways does the poet use the word ‘darkness’ in this poem and
    why? (5 marks)

The poet wrote about driving through ‘darkness’ presumably in a literal sense because it was nighttime. However, he wrote of ‘darkness’ again in the very next line. This is unlikely to be tautology. More probably this foreshadows the death of the hare. Norman MacCraig is setting up the reader to empathise with the benighted way the poet feels upon accidentally killing the hare. Therefore the second usage of ‘darkness’ is likely to be figurative.

  1. On both poems
  2. Compare and contrast these two poems in any way you think is interesting and
    appropriate. Support your answer with quotations from the poems. You may
    wish to look at:
     the content and meaning of the poems;
     the form and structure of the poems;
     the use of literary techniques

Both the poems are by British 20th century poets. Edward Thomas wrote right at the start of the 20th century whereas MacCraig wrote towards the end of the 20th century. The subject matter of the two poems is somewhat similar. In both cases the poets are casting their minds back. These are narrative poems. Both are divided into stanzas. They were written in a sparse and simple vocabulary with a little repetition. For instance MacCraig’s poem repeats the ‘breathing cornfield’ and being ‘left in landscape.’

There are several marked dissimilarities between the two poems. Interruption to a Journey is mournful and regretful whereas the tone of Adlestrop is one of fond remembrance. Interruption to a Journey uses personification in relation to the hare and in having the fields ‘breathe’. The last two lines about being ‘left in landscape’ makes the comparison between people and the hare very clear. It might also be using metaphor when it mentions ‘darkness.’ By contrast Adlestrop eschews metaphorical literary devices. It imparts its signification through associative use of language. Adlestrop half rhymes and has a regular scheme.

Adlestrop has the number of syllables vary considerably from one line to the next. Conversely, Interruption to a Journey has a regular number of syllables and is somewhat rhythmical. It breaks this rhythm just once to jar us when the hare is killed. This indicates the sensation of running over the rodent.

In conclusion the two poems are striking in their versimilitude. However, they are also different in style and tone.



lukashenka. born 1954. 26 years


leukshankea formual. chuavinism, soviet nostalgia, jam tomorrow, securocracy. gender roles, paternalism.

repression and rigging. no alternaive. opposition is NATO plot

demos. no unity wiuth rusisa. people do not want it. no grwoth.

cornavirus pshcosis

on ymy knews I beg


politice not arresting. strukes at state factories’

putin will back him up. but not troops crossed border’

rapprochement/ enegetr. soveritnty/

does not want a feee country or NATO ally

NATO does not want to push him to rsussia.

ambasador to slovakia destered

tirkcle into a flood.

will not be ovtrhow. putin will do what it takes. another ukraine.

rexmape to russian people