Bosnia-Herzegovina is a country in Europe. It is called Bosnia for short. This country borders Serbia, Croatia, Macedonia and Kosovo. The winters are cold and the summers are mild. Much of the land is pine forest.
The people of this country are called Bosnians. This nation is in south-east Europe in a region called the Balkans. This country is in the Balkan Mountains. The land is very hilly.
Bosnia is largely hilly or mountainous. It is fertile but not very suitable for arable farming. The winters are cold and the summers are warm.
This country has been part of several empires. The Romans were here. So were the Ottomans and the Austro-Hungarians.
The people of that land were almost all Christians. The Ottomans came and some of them settled. The Ottomans were Muslim. Some Christians converted to Islam.
The country is made up of Bosniaks who are Muslims. They are a plurality of the country. Then there are Orthodox Christians who mostly identify as Serbs. Then there are Catholics who mostly see themselves as Croats. Serbian and Croatian are almost the same language except the former is written in Cyrillic and the latter in Latin letters. Bosnian is very similar to the other two languages and is written in Latin letters. There are small ethnic groups like Slovaks, Germans, Italians, Jews, Macedonians and Hungarians in this country.
In 1914 the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo. The organization that killed him was Mlada Bosnia – Young Bosnia. Its aim was a united and independent Bosnia in alliance with Serbia. It tried to appeal to Bosnians of all ethnicities and faiths.
After the First World War a Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and SLovenes was formed. It included Bosnia. It later renamed itself Yugoslavia. It was Serb dominated. The King of Serbia became King of Yugoslavia.
In the Second World War this country was occupied by the Axis. The Serbs were treated barbarously. Some Croats and Bosniaks helped the Axis. Others fought in the partisans against the Axis forces.
After the Second World War those who had assisted the Axis were severely penalized. Yugoslavia was recreated. The country became a socialist republic. It was ruled by Tito. He died in 1980.
In 1984 Sarajevo hosted the winter Olympics.
In 1990 some republics seceded from Yugoslavia. Bosnia was one of these. The country was divided into three major ethnic groups. Many Serbs wanted the country remain part of Yugoslavia. The Croats and Muslims helped each other.
Sarajevo was under siege for over a year. Many civilians were slain. The United Nations intervened.
At Srebrenica the Serbian forces killed several thousand Muslim civilians.
In 1995 the war came to an end with the Dayton Accords. Lord Owen and Cyrus Vance brokered the deal. The Muslims and Croats shared most of the time. The east of the country was Republika Srpska.
Bosnia gradually recovered from the conflict. Many people emigrated.
The flag of the country has a blue field. There is a yellow triangle on it and several stars
The currency is the convertible mark.
Sarajevo is the capital city. It means ”palace” in Turkish.
The European Rapid Reaction Force is there.
The word Herzegovina is derived from the word for ‘duke’.
This country is the bottom of the rich country group.
- Which continent is this country in?
- What is the climate like?
- Name the neighbours of this land. Five marks.
- Draw the flag. Five marks.
- What is the name of the capital?
- What is the currency?
- What are the two main faiths?
- What are the three main ethnic groups? Three marks.
- Name three empires this country was part of?
- Which country was this land part of from 1918 to 1990?
- Who was slain in Sarajevo in 1914?
- What is the landscape like?
- Is this a rich land?
- Which agreement ended the conflict in 1995?
- Who ruled Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1980?