Monthly Archives: November 2015

Universities in Singapore


Besides NUS these are:


Nanyang Technological University.

This university has 13 000 students and was founded in 1981. It has a low QSI ranking. It offers Business Degrees. This is one of the most popular subjects there.


Singapore Management University

This was only founded in 2000. It has 8000 undergraduates and postgraduates. It is high on QSI.  It has been ranked as high as #34 in the world. It offers a narrow range of courses.

It teaches in the American style with credit and compulsory classes.

You can do double degrees there. It requires IELTS or TOEFL to get in.


Singapore University of Design and Technology

This was founded in 2012. It is very small at the moment. No one has graduated yet. It does not offer Business. You can do Humanities there. It is very easy to get into.


Singapore Institute of Technology

This was founded in 2009. It has 8 000 students. It is geared towards practical subjects. It is all about workplace preparation.

You can do Social Sciences there but not business. They arrange work placements for undergraduates with multinationals.

It does not have so many overseas students.


SIM University

This is the Singapore Institute of Management University. It has 13 000 students.

Business is the most popular subject there. You must be a Permanent Resident of Singapore to apply. Almost everyone there is Singaporean. There is also a law school there.

It is low on QSI.





IB 12th grade UWC.


To get in to 11th grade you have to be academically strong and socially active.

You will be interviewed by senior teachers. You need to convince them that you can benefit from the school.

They want to know that you can hack it scholastically and psychologically. They want to know that you shall contribute to the school.

If you go on expeditions and do community service that helps.


IB Subjects.

You cannot do the same subject at higher level and standard level.

You cannot do more than two languages (besides English).

Subject choices cannot always be accommodated.

The school will recommend some subjects for you.

IB is accepted by almost every university in the world.

If you want to go on to do a  Business Degree you must do Standard Level Maths at IB but Higher Level Maths is better. Doing Business IB is also a help





You must do English. You will study 10 works of literature for Standard Level and 13 for High Level.

You will look at the meaning of Drama. You will ask what myths are. You will metaphorical truths. You will look at cultural truths and what tales tell us about the human condition. You shall analyse literature at the most profound level.

You shall read poetry and prose. You will look at the literature of mass communication. You shall learn to construct mature essays. You will examine the relationship between culture, language and identity.

There will be written exams on seen and unseen texts. There is also an oral exam.




You can choose to study you native language for IB. In this case Russian. You will not have a teacher to assist you. If you wish to hire an outside tutor then this will be allowed. The exam will require a much lower level of achievement than if you had a teacher from the school helping you.

You need to be a self motivated learner for this.

You shall read the most renowned works of literature in the target language. The skills you have acquired in English Literature can be transferred to this subject.

You will acquire a profound understanding of Literature. You will develop insights into your own country.

There will be written and oral exams.



You can take a language to Standard Level if you are  a beginner or almost a beginner. You can do French, Spanish or Mandarin.

You will be reading, writing, listening and speaking.  You will have to write essays and emails of up to 400 words in the target language. Therefore there shall be receptive and productive skills.




You will begin by understanding what the subject is. It is divided into Micro Economics and Macro Economics. You shall come to comprehend its interconnectivity with History, Business and Politics.

You will look at equity and efficiency. You shall study money and exchange rates. You will examine different economic policies.

You will learn to think critically. You shall learn to be an internationalist.

You will become an independent learner. You will also become aware of your own biases.

There are exams on Micro and Macro Economics. There is also coursework.

You can do SL or HL. HL requires an extra paper.




You shall learn resources, biomes, biodiversity, climate change and poverty.  You will look at trends and patterns. There will be an emphasis on extreme environments.

You will learn about populations in transition.

The skills that you will develop will be analysing diagrams, maps etc…; research; data handling; locating things; differentiation; team work, ; decision making; problem solving; quantitive techniques and so on




You learn about the American Continent in the 19th century. You shall particularly look at the Cuban Independence Movement.

You will go over the Russian Revolution and the Chinese Revolution.

You will look at the Meiji Restoration. You shall learn about Vietnam 1945-75.

You will learn to construct rigorous and coherent arguments. You will become a critical thinking. You will gain emotional intelligence. You will be able to substantiate analyses about the past.



Cell biology, molecular biology, plant biology, nucleic acids.

Practical skills. Experiment design and data collection. Evaluative skills. Collaboration. Theory of Knowledge. Data presentation.





Stoichiometry, atomic structure, periodicity, chemical bonding, redox processes, acids and bases.

Abstract thinking. Building models. Recording, presentation and analysis. Assessing the validity and reliability of experiments. Appreciating the scientific method.




Algebra, functions, equations, vectors, calculus, circular functions, probability.

Knowledge and understanding. Recall, select, deploy skills and info.

Problem solving in real and abstract situations. Technology. Logical deduction. Making conjecture. Investigations.





International Baccalaureate 10th grade


What have pupils at UWECSEA achieved by the end of 10th grade?

They do the foundation diploma.

They do International GCSE. GCSE stands for General Certificate of Secondary Education. This is the British system. International GCSEs are slightly different from the British version of GCSEs.

People finish their IGCSE exams at the age of 16.

You do English – this includes both language and literature.  There are separate qualifications in language and literature. You can do a separate exam in English if you are a non native speaker.

You be taught a foreign languge – French, Spanish or Chinese. Russian is not offered.

You can teach yourself another language if you are a native speaker – for instance Russian.

You do a Social Science. This can be Geography, History, Enterprise (Business) or Global Perspectives.


Co-Ordinated Sciences. This includes three subjects – Biology, Chemistry and Physics but it counts as TWO IGCSEs

You can do Computer Science/

You can do Art or Design.

You usually sit nine subjects.



Students will read Fiction and Non-Fiction. They will have to respond to the text in writing.

There is some directed writing as part of it.

English Literature has people read some novels and poetry. They will be classics as well as from emerging literacies. You will read from the ouevre of different cultures. You may dip into the magnum opus of Shakespeare whatever you consider that to be.

You shall read some drama. There will be texts studied for a few months and then written about in the exam. Then there will be an unseen text in the exam.

These will develop different skills such as critical analysis.



This course focuses on language development. It will also try to prepare pupils for English A at International Baccalaureate level.

You need to read, write, speak and convey information. You will understand and present facts, ideas and opinions. You need to distinguish between formal and informal language.

There will be literary commentary. You will have to be able to explain characterisation. Factual and persuasive writing. Plot analysis is on the curriculum.



This is where mother tongue speaker of Russian can teach themselves their language.

This costs an extra $150 a year.

You are taught in English techniques like literary analysis which you then apply to your language. You need to read the literary canon of your language. You shall do prose, fiction, drama and so forth. You need to engage in literary analysis.

There will be essay writing and presentations/



The options are French, Spanish and Chinese.

This is so you can speak the language at home and abroad. You can survive as a tourist.

You learn to speak about the modern world, the environment and health. You learn to discuss current affairs an education.

You will practise the four skills.

You need to have already done these languages to do them at this level. You cannot be a beginner. There is no coursework. These subjects are assessed by written exams at the end of the year.



You learn what the subject is. You look at economic problems. You will be taught why some countries having growing economies and others do not. The major economic theories will be introduced.

You will be taught what free enterprise is and what a planned economy is. You shall learn economic taxonomy such as what capital and interest mean.




The subject is subdivided into Human and Physical Geography.

You learn countries of the world. You look at settlement and tourism..

You will develop competences in map reading and other areas.

You look at population dynamics and agricultural systems. You will examine natural phenomena such as volcanoes.

You will develop skills such as understanding cultures and population distribution. You shall be able to articulate causation and consequence.  Communication and information organisation are core competences for this discipline. Research and analysis shall also be honed. You will develop an appreciation for inter-disciplinary study. Social sciences cannot be studied in isolation.



This is about confronting and making sense of the past. The subject is intended to be stimulating.

You will need to study sources and critically evaluate them. You shall analyse their credibility. Pupils will be encouraged to become healthily sceptical without being outright cynical.

You shall look at revolutions. Russian in Revolution; Germany 1919-45 and then the Cold War are the periods studied in 9th grade. Then you study the Arab -Israeli conflict.

You will ameliorate your essay writing virtuosity. This subject will feed into your overall intellectual evolution.

You will enhanced your critical thinking skills. You will become able to compose cogent arguments.



You will learn about ethics and value systems. You will examine the major world religions. This is teaching not preaching. You will engage with cultural stereotypes.

You will look at human rights issues and the environment. You will be taught about disaster response.

You will learn not be believe everything you see on the media. You will be able to tell apart unvarnished truths from things that are spun.

You will learn research and inquiry skills. You will learn to collaborate with peers. You will be able to make oral presentations and participate in formal debate. There will be written argumentation too.



This comprises Biology, Chemistry and Physics.

You do this at Basic Level or Higher Level.

You study living organisms, cell organisation, gaseous exchange, transport systems, homeostasis, human reproduction and so on

In Chemistry you will be taught classifying elements, materials, oxidation, electrolysis and so forth.

In Physics you will pass over radioactivity, strength in solids, electronics, force, gravity and so on.

You will learn the scientific method. You will have to come up with hypotheses and design experiments. You will need to execute them and draw deductions. You will have to write up your experiment.



You shall do the Cambridge International Maths curriculum.

You will learn number, geometry, algebra and trigonometry.

You will develop competences in technology, modeling and showing working.




yOU WIll learn logging systems, data handling, spread sheets and programming at a basic level.  You will learn ethical and social use. You will learn debugging and algorithim creation.




This is about computational thinking. It is not about career preparation.

This is about practical problem solving. There will be binary systems, data output systems, media and security.



EU Law. 2.1 Amended.


a………… What are the essential characteristics of the internal market?

They are that there is the free movement of goods, capital and people. There are no internal tariffs. There is also freedom of establishment.  It is about the removal of customs duties.

There should be no barriers of a fiscal, physcal or technical nature.

There is a common customs tariff to deal with goods coming from extra-EU nations. This is the same irregardless of whether the item enters Italy, Finland, Cyprus or another other EU country.

There is free movement of people. One is entitled to set up a business or professional practice anywhere in the Union. There is to be no discrimination. This is provided for in TFEU article 18.

There is a competition policy to preclude companies from carving up the market with cartels.


b………….State what benefits should come from this form of economic integration?

People can hire others more easily. One can seek a job abroad. One can purchase more goods. There is more price comparison. There is peace and a thriving economy.

Prices are lower and there is more choice on the market. There is greater innovation. Cartels are  prevented. Monopolies are broken up. Productivity is heightened.

There are greater economies of scale. Competition is increased which is better for consumers.


c…………….Explain what the Common Customs Tariff is.

That is that goods coming from outside the EU pay the same import tax no matter which EU state they come into. Moreover, a non EU state has to charge the same import tax on EU products no matter which EU state the product comes from.



d……………. Explain why there could not be free movement of goods from third countries (countries outside the common market) if there was no Common Customs Tariff. Think about this carefully! Can you see what the problem would be?

There would be different import taxes in different member states.

Without this there would be different taxes in each country.


e…………… What are the main policies and institutions created by the Treaty of Rome?

These are ”ever closer union of the peoples.” The idea is to harmonise the states.

The Treaty of Rome created the Euratom Commission.  Council of Ministers and the European Commission.

The ideas are not ti discriminate. There is tohe four freedoms in term of movement.

Ther eiis a common customs taariff , compeition policy and commoan agriicultural policy. common ttransport policy, common fisheries. abolition of state aid.

Council of Minister. European Parloament. High Authority and ECJ.

be t


European Law. Page 14.



  1. Write down the names of the six founding member State.

Germany (West), Italy, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg.


2. Write down the name of the three European communities stating which Treaty established each one and its date?

The European Coal and Steel community. Treaty of Paris. 1951

Euratom. Treaty of Rome.


The European Union. The Treary on the Foundation of the European UNion. Maastricht.



3. What were the ECSC and Euratom created to achieve?

Peace.  They were pooling resources that could be used for war.


4. State which was the underlying reasoning for establishing the ECSC?

So they would not fight.


5. State which two individuals are credited with creating the impetus towards an integrated Europe.

Robert Schuman a poltiician from France and Jean Monnet a businessman. Monnet had organised transport in the Great War.


6. What is the prupose of the Council of Europe.

To discuss matters of common concern. The furtherance of human rights s also an aim of the Council of Europe as is the maintenance of peace.


7. Explain what the ECHR is.

This is the Euroopean Convention on Human Rights.


8. Explain why the E Court of HR and the E Convention of HR are separate from the European Union.

They were set up by the Council of Europe and not the European Union (or European Economic Community). Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe but not the EU.



A dream of paterfamilias.


Yesternight I bedreamt me of my radio rentals. Twas whilst I was slumbering in their commodious abode. Esther has been to our vesper repast.

As the diurnal round commenced I dreamt of an argument with my parents. This is disttiinclty odd since I had ppassed a more coongenail soiree with them the night afore.

In in my father said something that infuriated me. I had considered arguong the toss with thim the night before. He calime U boats were never provisioed in Eire during the war. In fact there were two instances when this occurred but this s blown out of all proportion by Unionists.

I had sme clash wt my mother. I treated her to a tongue lashing

My mum has pissed me off by saying she would pruchse me some trews. YThat was real.

Get over yourself. All she is doing is giving me a freebier. could be worse.

Do I want to be irate wth my paretns?


A dream of a special car


There was an action scene. It was like that modern version of the Italian Job. I had been thinking back to that catchphrase yesternight – it is the devil inside them I do not trust. This was uttered by Charlize Theron’s character.

In the dream there was a chase to a tranquil lake surrounded by steep, dark hills. It was redolent of Lugano. There was a plane chasing  a car.

Somehow one set of people stole the plane of the others. Thise who had had their plane nicked then got into the car. This car was able to drive underwater and along the lakebed.

I had drunk a fair amount last night and perhaps thos contributed to the revery.


Roy Shaw – thug,liar and coward.


Roy Shaw is a self-proclaimed criminal. A couple of months ago I read his autobiography entitled ”Pretty Boy.” It was a farrago of bragging, dishonesty and nauseating self-justification.

Shaw was born in London in the 1930s. He grew up in a working class family. His father was killed in a road accident just after the war. I felt deeply sorry for him at this point. He was orphaned but this elicited no sympathies from his schoolfellows. He was monstrously bullied. One might have thought the barbaric treatment meted out to him would cause him to turn against such repugnant behaviour. In fact it had the opposite effect. He patently decided – if you cannot beat them join them. According to Shaw he stood up for himself and beat off the scum who were mistreating him. Soon he became an accomplished bully himself. It makes me call to mind W H Auden’s dictum ”Those to whom evil is done do evil in return.” But it was not in return. He did not retaliate against hard men. He picked on the vulnerable.

He did some dead end jobs. He was called up by the army. He was truculent and punched a sergeant who humiliated him. Shaw claims to have been valiant and defiant whilst in the military prison in Colchester. He was so stalwart that the army more or less gave in. ‘

Roy Shaw seems to have suffered from a profound sense of inadequacy. He was thus compelled to constantly reaffirm his self worth by attacking people. In a dance hall in Germany he wanted to dance with a woman. There was a list – one had to wait for dances. Rather than wait for his turn he began throwing punches. According to Shaw’s self serving account he took on men twice his size and was never bested. He only capitulated when he was full of beer and the police trained their guns on him.  He said he punched the commanding officer of his regiment in the face.

If all this is true then he is not a hard man. He is a psychopath. He is uncontrollably violent. He does not use violence in a rationale but unethical manner to gain things. He uses it to simply express his being.

Roy Shaw was out of the army. He was soon concerned in petty crime. He and his mate robbed a bookmaker’s house. There was no planning. They assaulted the poor man at his house in front of his wife and children. Terrifying those children was a wicked thing to do. He happily stole the hard earned earnings of others. But when it came to his property he behaved like a petulant child. If someone touched something he considered to be his then he reacted with fury.

Roy Shaw was soon banged up for robbery with violence. He showed no nous.  He befriend the worst swine in the place. By their friends shall you know them. They then assaulted the doctor and stole his car. It was a particularly contemptible and revolting thing to do. The doctor who cared for them who may have saved their lives.

Shaw made it back to London. He tried to get into boxing but his criminal record prevented this. AFter a few months he was picked up and was back in the nick.

He contradicts himself. On one page he says the police are idiotic. On the same page he remarks ”the old Bill ain’t stupid.” So who is really stupid? It is him for not getting his story straight.

Shaw fell for a Maltese lady. He went to Malta to marry the waitress. He showed his incredible stupidity by throwing beer over a statue of the Virgin Mary. His in laws were mortally offended. He was crass and unfunny. He managed to start fights over the most trifling misunderstandings just after his wedding. What a moron he was. SOme family man! Getting himself arrested while on honeymoon.

Shaw committed a major robbery in the early 1960s. Soon was serving a very long sentence. His children were growing up without him and it was all his fault. He had done a lot of harm to others. He had deprived other people and their children of money. He had caused pain and injury to others. The anguish his egotism and savagery inflicted were severe.

Roy Shaw was sent to Broadmoor. He was diagnonsed mentally ill. If I were the keepers I would have injected him so much that he would have been left a vegetable.

He is self righteous. He pretends to think there is right and wrong. It is an odd code of ethics. Stealing is totally acceptable. Brutalising innocent people is moral. But then he has the nerve to demand his rights. What about the rights of others? He spoke about taking liberties? That is quite right. He was depriving other people of their freedom. He was also particularly idiotic as criminals go. He always managed to get caught. As he said himself it is not smart to spend years incarcerated.

He bragged about the bestial assaults he supposedly carried out on other criminals. He also claimed to have set fire to a nightclub and burned the people inside. This is a blatant porky pie. Did he really burn men and women to death? That is bull. If he did he would have been up for murder. He even named the nightclub. He is such a pathetic specimen that he cannot tell the truth about anything of importance. He seems to think it would be something to be proud of. Then he goes on to claim he never hurt women.

He treated his long suffering wife as a slave. He was idiotic enough to commit crimes and be sent to gaol. Yet he wanted her to don prison widow’s weeds. He was then tactless enough to insult her appearance when she came along.

Roy Shaw’s wife left him. A man began a relationship with her. Shaw claims that he had the Krays murder his ex-wife’s boyfriend. It shows how evil he was if he really did organised the murder of a man for doing what he had the perfect right to do. This woman wanted some happiness. Shaw was so possessive and infantile that he wanted someone to die for bringing more gladness into the world. It is probably yet another boastful falsehood. Yet it is telling.

Roy was finally released. He went back to his wife’s house. He claimed to have thrown her new boyfriend off a balcony. Again if that is true is reflect even more discredit on him as a brute.

He had no regard for the rights or feelings of others. Yet when something was not as he wanted he behaved like a spoilt toddler.

He was involved in a little theft in the 1970s. He also became involved in protection rackets. By his own admission he was soon humiliated by bouncers refusing him entry to clubs.

He rose to prominence as a bare knuckle fighter in the 1970s. This is not noble pugilism. This is sheer barbarity. This is outside the Marquess of Queensberry rule’s. He and his opponent claimed they would fight to the death. Like most of his statements it was hot air. They chickened out long before that.

This book has pace and is passably written. It is a tissue of lies. This is all bunkum. It is depressing that there are enough idiots who think that filth like Roy Shaw deserve some admiration. He is a low down stinking thief and is worthy only of the greatest disdain. It is a pity that he did not spend the whole of his life behind bars.



A dream about a Canadian school


I was at a school in deepest Canada. Methinks I was teaching in British North America. The school day was ending. There were several different buildings in that complex. I was flustered. There were few people about. The place was verdant and pine forests covered the many hills that led to the horizon.

At last I was aboard the bus and it spend away along a twisting road beside a gushing river. Bare earth and boulders lined the crystal flood.

Whay was I thinking of this? Maybe ebcause Z held the bus for himself yester morn. I am also pining for Jen. Jen of the per bottom and shapely calves who hails from the True North.


Human 315. African Human Rights.


Although the African Human Rights system has seen development in recent years compared to other regional systems, it still has a long way to go before it is an effective and efficient means of securing rights in the region.



This system has developed a lot in recent years partly because it is the most recent one. AFrican countries were further behind in their development so this is not surprising. Most AFrican countries are Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) so unsurprisingly people’s basic needs were often not met. Mass illiteracy meant people were often unaware of their rights and unable to exercise them. Because AFRICan countries only became independent recently Africa has been developing its own HR system after other continents.

Africa has made some major steps forward. AMong these are transforming the OAU into the AU. This is a more united organisation and a more effectual one. The majority of HR agreements they are exclusively African are laudable. However, the enforcement mechanisms remain poor.

The HR situation in Africa remains dire. This is due to gender inequality, poverty, conflict, tribalism, religious reactionary attitudes and the fact that the continent has so many different languages. Many people are unable to speak the official language of their country. This makes interacting with the state trickier.  Boko Haram has started a conflict. Its medieval brand of theocracy is a standing insult to HR. This insecurity engendered by this terrorist force has made defending human rights very difficult. It is particularly hard for a state to guarantee HR during a conflict. The terrorists breach HR as a matter of policy. The state hits back and sometimes does wrong – breaking HR. Both sides accuses each other of HR abuses as a means of besmirching each other. It becomes all but impossible to tell a truthful report from black propaganda.

None of Africa’s troubles are unique. These challenges are more acute in Africa for some of the reasons adumbrated in the foregoing paragraph.

Excessive respect for state sovereignty has meant that states are able to get away with violating the rights of their citizens on  a huge scale. The kakcocracracies that were commonplace until the 1990s are no longer the norm.

In conclusion Africa has made progress. Yet the HR systems remain ineffective. AN intolerable level of abuse still occcurs. The enforcement strategies are inefficient. They are too tardy and often fail. Much remains to be done. The main stumbling block is developing enforcement mechanisms worth the name.