Monthly Archives: April 2018

Russian comedy script

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from eire

I am G like Clooney not bush

 

you are spending 30 billion dolars on wordl cu. for tat amny of money you could write fuck off America on the moon.

or fuck off england

why do I speak russin so badly? because I learnt it in aze

Ireland is smaller tan georgia

we have a reputation for alcoholism, verbosity and stupoidy

sashas said last weeks there are suspcisous package son metro

policemans ays -t this is a job for an uzebk

hey Uzbek you know you think we do not like you? we got  prersnt fr you. take it but do not open it until you get home.

A dream of a train and and then one of bear

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I dreamt the other night of meetinf Frirday’s child. I was at a railway station. I do not recall saying anything to him nor did he utter a phonem to me. He was perhaps younger than his current age and warmly dressed

The trainw a sgrey. who was with hi on the teain. the dor close uparwad like  dfrabrigde. we lockedyes. the train was about to depart I felt a heavy melanchily. It was redolet of putting him on the train qwith his grandparentsand he wept 2 yers ago

maybe I fera not seeing the boy. I girve hat I wam with him so little

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I was in troubel in Bear Land. U had sotlen a bear or somesuch. I may have been udner arrest but did not see cufs on myself. There was that very efyt ol secureity gaurd from azbuke.w e wer erin car going to soeon else; shouse to get another suspect##

maybe this comes form fear of a tendentious comment in a textbook that some saw

Edexcel questions on Germany 1918-45

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Historians differ in their judgment about the influence of Weimar culture on the development of the republic in the 1920s.

Weimar culture had a positive influence on the development of the republic in the 1920s. Assess this view using your own knowledge.

 

Germany was known as the Weimar Republic from 1918 to 1933. The Second Reich which preceded Weimar was presided over by the Kaiser (emperor) was highly conservative. The Third Reich (Nazi regime) which followed the Weimar Republic was a hyper nationalist dictatorship.

The cultural ambience of the Weimar Republic was very liberal. Indeed the informal name for the German Republic in this era (Weimar) takes its name from a city what was the haunt of liberal writers such as Goethe and Schiller.

The Weimar Republic was founded by politicians who belonged to the SPD, the Centre Party and the DDP. These parties were social democrat, Catholic and liberal respectively. They all favoured a greater degree of free expression than had been permitted prior to 1918. The right to voted was granted to women which was a major step in liberalisation. Feminism was en vogue in the cities but not so much in the countryside. The Marlene Dietrich film Der Blaue Engel exemplified the liberal atmosphere of the time. Bauhaus architecture was another example of liberal expression.

The Weimar Republic saw the emergence of the women’s liberation movement inasmuch as the laws on divorce were relaxed. Respectable women started to wear makeup and knee length skirts. Women were admitted to all the professions and women entered university in ever greater numbers.

Nightclubs thrived in Berlin and major cities. This is explored in a film entitled Cabaret. The old system of the Kaiser and militarism was lampooned by liberal left actors and musicians. The cartoonist George Grosz also poked fun at the old system.

Germany had no state religion in this era. This also represented a major step forward for liberalism. However, one of the key Weimar parties was the Centre Party. It represented the Catholic community and wanted to secure official recognition for the special status of the Catholic Church in Catholic areas of the country. The Catholic Church was deeply uncomfortable with some aspects of free expression.

The free wheeling cultural life of Weimar Germany was a positive influence on the country. However, every action provokes a reaction . Conservative minded people revolted against liberalism especially in the countryside. They were aghast at nightclub decadence and gender equality. They considered liberated women to be a threat to family life. They decried jazz and the tango as alien and corrupt.

The DNVP and the DVP were the two mainstream conservative parties in Weimar. The DVP was the more moderate of the two and became reconciled to Weimar. Its leader Stresemann was chancellor for a few month and then foreign minister for five years.

The Nazis were outraged at Weimar culture. They felt that German culture was being polluted. They denounced Dadaism and cubism as ”negroid and degenerate.”

In conclusion, what occurred in Germany was by no means unique. Much of the world was undergoing a culture war at the time. People rejoiced in peace and cast off the stultifying authoritarian mores of the previous generations. Had it not been for the Wall Street Crash it is probable that Germany would have continued on a liberal trajectory.

 

 

 

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Historians differ in their judgments about the significance of economic developments in the years 1929-33 in the collapse of the Weimar Republic.

The impact of economic crisis on Germany in the years 1929-33 was the main reason for the collapse of Weimar. 

ASsess this view using your own knowledge.

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Historians differ in their judgments about the extent to which Nazis influenced the attitudes of Germany youth.

The Nazis were able to gain the support Germany youth in the years 1933-39.

Assess this view.

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Historians have different explanations for Germany s defeat in WW2. 

The impact of the Allied bombing  campaign during the Second World War was the main reason why Germany was defeated. 

Assess this view. 

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Questions on the Third Reich

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Explain why Kristallnacht took place.

In November 1939 it came to light that the Propaganda Minister Dr Josef Goebbels was having an affair with a Czech actress named Leda Baarova. Hitler regarded the Czechs as subhuman. He also respected Goebbels’ wife Magda. Dr Goebbels was therefore in Hitler’s bad books.

A Polish Jewish 17 year old Herschel Grynszpan was living in Paris. He walked into the German Embassy and shot dead a diplomat named Ernst vom Rath. Grynszpan did this because his parents had been expelled from Germany some weeks earlier along with all other Polish Jews. There is another explanation. Vom Rath was a homosexual who was known as Notre Dame de Paris. He and this young man may have been having a liaison.

Goebbels decided to exploit the murder of vom Rath. It took place on 9 November. This was the anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch. Goebbels had SS men and SA men dress in civilian clothes. They smashed the windows of Jewish shops and houses. Jewish men were beaten up and 100 killed. Over 10 000 Jewish men were sent to concentration camps. The insurance industry was exempt from paying compensation to the Jewish community for the damage sustained to their property. A ruinous fine was levied on the Jewish community.

Goebbels presented this as a spontaneous outburst of fury at the assassination of the diplomat. In fact the violence was carefully orchestrated. The official explanation was ”the national soul boiled over.” This was a means of distracting attention from his extramarital affair. He also wished to ingratiated himself to Hitler.

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Nazi policies had a major impact on the Jewish 1933-39. Explain why you agree or disagree.

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Explain why Jewish ghettos were established in Poland 1940-41.

Ghettoes were established in Poland at this time when it was under German occupation. This was part of Nazi anti-Semitic policy. The policy had four main stages – vilification, separation, relocation and extermination. This was the third stage – moving German Jews to Poland. Poland had a huge Jewish community of 3 000 000. This represented 10 per cent of the population.

Some people from the ghetto were forced to work. They were slaves for the German war industries.

The Nazis declared that Germany was ”Jew free’ in 1941 because they had removed the Jewish community. This was an act preparatory to killing the Jewish community.

Overcrowding, insanitary conditions, the lack of medical care and malnutrition slowly killed the Jewish community in the ghettoes.

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Of all the Nazi leaders including Hitler it is Himmler who should bear the greatest responsibility for the Holocaust. Explain why you agree or not.

Heinrich Himmler was perhaps the most fanatical anti-Semite among the Nazi high command. Himmler came from a highly educated family but despite that he was virulently racist. His father was the tutor to the House of Wittelsbach – the Bavarian royal family – and his grandfather was the head of the police in Bavaria.

Born in 1900 Himmler was just too young to fight in the First World War. He was at an officer training academy when the war ended. This was of lasting regret to him. He was convinced that international Jewry was to blame for the defeat.

Himmler was an early member of the Nazis. He took part in the Beer Hall Putsch. Others emphasised different parts of the Nazis agenda. For Himmler it was anti-Semitism that was always paramount. Himmler was not as clever as the rest of his family and had to be a chicken farmer. He believed that one could breed a blond race in 100 years. He was fixated with genetics.

Himmler founded the SS  – Schutz Staffel. This was protection squad – Hitler’s bodyguard. The SS was steeped in Nazi ideology. Only those of Aryan stck were permitted to join. Himmler examined the photos of all applicants with a magnifying glass as if he could detect any non Aryan features.

The SS later separated from the SA. The SS had at first been a subsection of the SA. Himmler loathed the head of the SA – Ernst Rohm. This was partly due to Rohm’s gay proclivities but also because Rohm was a socialist.

As Reichsfuhrer SS Himmler initiated many attacks on Jewish people. When the Nazis came to office he wanted to ramp up anti-Semitic policy. When the war began he was keen to start the Holocaust. He was present at the Wannsee Conference when the Holocaust was planned.

As soon as Poland was conquered Himmler started some small scale massacres in Poland. The same occurred in the Soviet Union in 1941. He was acting on his own initiative. He was a step ahead of Hitler in anti Semitism.

The SS ran concentration camps and extermination camps. Himmler was directly responsible for the murders and was informed of what was happening. He gave a speech to army officers in 1943 in which he announced that the annihilation of the Jewish race would soon be complete. He said the trouble was that each German knew one good Jew. Himmler insisted that no exemptions be made for individuals.

Himmler considered sparing Hungarian Jews in return for 10 000 trucks. The Allies refused. Himmler still gave priority to moving Jewish people to gas chambers rather than soldiers to the front in 1945.

Himmler was a particularly malevolent anti-Semite. He was more obsessive about this than others. In conclusion, this essay concurs with the title statement. He was more responsible than Hitler for anti- Semitism.

 

 

Ways to end a debating speech

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There is no right or wrong words to end your speech. However, there are some favourite phrases used by seasoned debaters. You may choose whichever one you wish and use it. You can vary the phrase that you use.

 

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If you are in proposition….

 

I beg to propose

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I urge the house to pass the motion

OR

that is why I stand proudly in proposition

OR

That is why I ask the house to support this motion

 

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If you are in opposition …..

I beg to oppose

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I urge the house to reject the motion

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That is why I stand proudly in opposition.

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That is why I ask you to vote against the motion