This country is in Central Asia.
The official language is Uzbek. That is a Turkic language meaning that it is related to Turkish. This language is written in the Latin alphabet.
The capital city is Tashkent. It is pronounced ”TOSH town” and means ”stone city.” Other notable cities are Bukhara, Khiva and Samarkand. These are ancient cities with magnificent mosques, palaces, forts and suchlike.
The Mongols conquered this country in the Middle Ages. The khans brought their soldiers with them. This land is an ethnic crossroads. It borders Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan.
The population of Uzbekistan is about 26 000 000.
The country has some oil and gas. Many people are farmers. The country produces a lot of cotton.
Tamurlane was interred in Uzbekistan. There was a curse attached to his tomb. Whomsoever opened his tomb would suffer the most horrific suffering on his people. Heedless of this warning, Soviet archaeologists broke open his tomb. Hours later Germany invaded the USSR and slew 20 000 000 Soviets.
The people of this nation are mostly Muslim. It is a secular state. Most of the people are ethnically Uzbek. There are also Uzbek citizens of the Russian ethnicity.
The Uzbek Flag is blue, green and white. There is a crescent moon as the symbol of Islam on the flag.
Uzbekistan was part of the Russian Empire and subsequently the Soviet Union. Uzbekistan became independent in 1991. The founding president of the Republic of Uzbekistan was Islam Karimov.
President Karimov was extraordinarily popular. He was known to defend human rights and to strive for the upliftment of his people. It is melancholy to report that President Karimov died in 2016. He was succeeded by Mirziyoyev.
Many Uzbeks live and work abroad. They reside in countries such as Russia, Kazakhstan and the UAE.
- What is the capital of this country?
- Who was the founding president of this country?
- What are the colours of the flag?
- Why is there a crescent moon on the flag?
- What is the official language?
- Which alphabet is Uzbek written in?
- Name four neighbours of this country. Four marks.
- Was this country part of the USSR?
- What is the surname of the current president?
- Name a country where many Uzbeks work besides Uzbekistan.