Tanzania is a country in East Africa. The name of the land is pronounced ”tan ZAN ee a” and not ”tan za NEE a” as one often hears. This country is situated by the Indian Ocean. The Rift Valley runs through it. Tanzania borders Uganda, Kenya, Mozambique, Burundi, Zambia and Rwanda. Mount Kiliminjaro is located in Tanzania. It is tallest mountain in Africa.
This country was founded in 1963 by a merger of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Zanzibar is an island off the coast of Tanzania. Zanzibar was wealthier. Its coffers were emptied to prop up the mainland.
Over 99 per cent of Tanzanians are black. A few are Indians or white. The black people are Bantu. They are divided into several tribes.
The official languages are English and Swahili. The currency is the Tanzanian Schilling.
The national flag is black, green, yellow and blue.
The country is a democratic republic. There is a president. The founder of the United Republic of Tanzania was an eminent scholar named Julius Nyere.
Tanzania has a lot of savannah. That is dry grassland. There are many charismatic megafauna such as elephants, zebra, lions, giraffes and wildebeeste. People go on safari there. That means a journey to look at animals.
Coffee and tea grow well in the highlands. There are many cattle farms too. Some people grows yams and maize.
Half of the Tanzanians are Christians and half Muslims.
- What two countries formed Tanzania? Two marks.
- What are the colours of the flag? Four marks.
- What is the currency?
- Which ocean is Tanzania beside?
- What are the two official languages of Tanzania?
- Name two of Tanzania’s neighbours.
- What is the highest mountain in Africa?
- What is savannah?
- Name a food that is grown in Tanzania.
- Would you like to visit this country? Why or why not? Five marks.