Tariffs. Northerners tended to want protectioni sm. could not compete with europe.
Southerns usually wanted free trade.
Did states have the right to secede? Founding Fathers said no. President Buchanan said no.
Minnesota admitted 1858. free
Oregon 1859. free
Kansas 1861. free
Republicans argued that they could prevent all future states from having slavery
senator stepehen a douglas spoke of popular sovereignty. people in territories were to decide whether to allow slavery
November 1860 election. some southern senators began to withdraw from congress
calhounr doctrine – states’ rights. Jefferson Davis was keen on this one
Uncle Tom’s Cabin. 1852
1859 – John Brown’s rebellion.
crittenden compromise failed. corwin amendment.
7 states seceded before Lincoln took office
S carolina first to secede. gave reasons for doing so. S C had long said states were entitled to nullify federal laws
States gave reasons for secession – all said it was slavery