Daily Archives: October 21, 2016

The rise of Fascism in Italy.

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First World War ended in 1918. Italy lost 800 000 men. Tiny gain in territory. Treaty of London. Mutilated victory.

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Russian revolution. Communists active in Italy. factory seizures.. Milan hotbed of political activity.

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Mussolini. Predappio. teacher. lived abroad in Switzerland. Had been socialist. Il Popolo d’Italia. Anti patriot  to being pro war.

Regard for Lenin.

Fascisti di Combatimento. protect factories. rases. manganello. drinking castor oil. Blackshirts

political violence. Impetus of Il Risorgimento. Anti clerical. Prisoner in the Vatican.

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Liberal Italy feeble. corruption, nepotism , mafiosi

Gabriele d’Anunzio.  Trieste. Then Istria. Operatics.

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March on Rome planned. March in Rome

Sympathy of royal family. Mussolini PM.

Need for order. support of wealthy.

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Strategies to learn English.

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Strategies to improve your English.
Стратегии улучшить свой английский.
Проводите больше времени на словарный запас, чем грамматики.

Повторите как можно больше.
Запишите английские слова в обоих латинских и кириллических букв.
Написать английские слова в кириллице и разбить слово на отдельные слоги.

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Strategii, chtoby poluchit' luchshe na angliyskom yazyke. Pomnite, chto slovarnyy zapas gorazdo vazhneye grammatiki.
Podumayte inostrantsev, govoryashchikh na vashem yazyke.
 Eti lyudi mogut sdelat' mnogo grammaticheskikh oshibok, 
no vse zhe sleduyet ponimat'. YAzyk o svyazi. Vam ne nuzhno byt' 
sovershennym. Yesli vy uzhe na ochen' vysokom urovne, na angliyskom 
yazyke, to dumat' o sozdanii grammatiki sovershennoy. Pered tem, chto vy 
dolzhny zabotit'sya ob obuchenii bol'she slov.
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Slovar' gorazdo proshche uchit'sya, yesli vy organizuyete slovarnyy 
zapas po teme. Naprimer, vy uznayete frukty vmeste. Togda vy uznayete, 
chastey tela. Togda vy uznayete, sportivnyy slovarnyy zapas. Togda vy 
uznayete meditsinskoy leksiki.
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Podumayte obucheniya eti slova vmeste: yabloko, banan, vinograd i vishni.
 Eto legche uchit'sya vmeste, potomu chto oni vse frukty. Yesli slovo dlya
 fruktov bylo peremeshano vmeste s nesvyazannymi slovami, bylo by boleye 
trudno uchit'sya. Yabloko, obez'yana, koleno i arbitr. 
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Vam nuzhen slovarnyy zapas noutbuk. Zapisat' slova. 
Ne sleduyet vvodit' ikh na ekrane. Yesli vy pishete ikh vy formiruyete bukvy.
 Vy pomnite, formu bukv. Eto Kinestetik. Eto yavlyayetsya chast'yu 
mul'tisensornogo obucheniya. Napishite slova na angliyskom yazyke na odnoy 
stranitse i Rossii na sleduyushchey stranitse.
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Napisat' angliyskiye slova na latinitse i v kirillitse. 
Vy pomnite slova gorazdo luchshe. Ubedites', chto vy znayete, gde slogi
nachinayutsya
i zakanchivayutsya. Naprimer, voz'mem slovo '' privet ''. Eto '' on '' '' Lo ''.
 Eto ne '' ad '' '' o ''. Zapisat' slogi otdel'no v kirillitse. Ubedites', 
chto vy znayete, gde aktsent delayetsya. Lyudi chasto delayut aktsent na 
nepravil'nom sloge. Naprimer, govoryashchiye na angliyskom yazyke chasto 
nepravil'no proiznosyat russkiye slova. My govorim, Vladimir ne Vladimir.
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Napisat' v svoy slovarnyy zapas noutbuka, kogda u vas yest' 
zapasnoy moment. Kak naschet togo, kogda vy puteshestvuyete na 
rabotu i obratno. Na avtobuse, na poyezde, na tramvaye ili v avtomobile. 
Net, yesli vy za rulem avtomobilya!
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Uznayte novuyu informatsiyu v pervoy polovine dnya. 
Prosmotrite informatsiyu v tu noch'. Povtorite, povtorite, 
povtorite. Nikto ne pomnit vse, chto v pervyy raz. Vse pomnyat, 
posle togo, kak v 100 raz.

 

History A level. Cause of American Civil War.

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American Revolution 1776.

13 colonies become USA.  Congress and president – limited power. USA about the state not federal government.

Many states.

Southern states v agricultural. Cash crops such as cotton, tobacco, sugar, crops.

African-Americans since 1619.

Northern state abolish slavery. Southern states retain it.

1808 USA bans transatlantic trade.

This course begins in 1848.

Congress comprises senate and house of representatives.

House based on ppu. Black people 3/5ths of a human.

Some slaves manumitted. some escape to the north. Harriet Tubman leads underground raildroad.

The USA in the 1840s had two major parties: the Democrats and the Whigs. A new party was founded – the Republican Party.

Sections – north and south. Made for each other. Adam and Eve.

Knights of the Golden Circle.  Based on Havana, Cuba. Some southerners wanted to conquer more land for the USA and admit dozens of slave states. Annex Mexico.

USA over 80% white. v few Hispanic people.

High majority of Americans were WASPs.

Anti Catholic prejudice. Irish and German immigration. Know nothings.

Slave power.

1850 compromise.

Manifest destiny. new states slave or free? Bleeding kansas.

Fugitive slave law.

Abraham Lincoln. born Kentucky. father from Virginia.

 

History A level. Italy before unification

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  1. Italy was divided into about 20 states.  Duchies, kingdoms, papal states. Legates. Italy was v agricultural especially in the south

Italy merely a geographical expression.

N Italy culturall French

S Italy had been Spanish.

Strong local identities.

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2. Italy had a language but most people spoke their local dialect. Most illiterate.  Catholicism a unifying factor. The Pope.

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3. Those who wanted Italian unification tended to be liberals and radicals.

 

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4. Camillo di Cavour – liberal aristo. PM of Sardinia Piedmont

Giuseppe Garibaldi. radical from Nice. sailor

 

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5. Austria dominated northern states. Milan was v wealthy area.

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6. Liberal pope elected in 1846. Pius IX.

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7. Part of wider trend of nationalist stirring in Ireland, Poland, Germany, Hungary , Romania.

Greece had become independent of the Ottoman Empire not long before.

Family travels

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I dreamt I was with Geraldine and Charles Sturdy. Maybe others were there. We were in a car. I WAS not driving. We drove through Hibernia I think. There were grassy hills on either siide of the road and plenty of scree. The day was overcast. The road wound around.

It was like near Allihies

we got out in a vollage square bt it seemed to be another land not Eire.

we went in to eat . chip shop. turned out to be a Ganymede shop but somehow the stuff inside was not like that – nothing obviously queer. there was a black curtain. one coulf go behind it to see filth. there were DVDs. they were all striaght ones. One was about goxy girls. Women with fox ears on and foxes tails in provocative poses.

The dream moved n. i DO NOT recall the rest.