Joseph Berry Keenan – lawyer in Tokyo
USA, Netherlands, Australia, Canada, USSR, India and the United Kingdom all took part.
72 prosecution lawyers
79 Japanese lawyers
class A – initiated crimes
class B – ordered them or allowed them
wars of aggression
violation of international treaties
crimes of murder and conspiracy thereto
crimes against humanity
actions since were considered 1928
violation of law regarding observance of conventions about POWs and civilian prisoners
Manchurian incident was considered
political murders in Japan of dissidents
forced prostitution, rape, maiming, torture, starvation
MacArthur was vengeful against those who had humiliated him
he appointed a military tribunal in the Philippines. He wanted a fast trial. A race to execution. No obstacles allowed. Yamashita was behind the death march and murders in Manila. No legal niceties impeded the judicially illiterate trial. No good jurists were involved.
Japanese destroyed democracy in their own land
The trial did not start with a grand and sweeping opening. There was a hollow ring to the start. No compelling evidence at the start.
trial plunged into murky Japanese politics. Carloads of motions and briefs. Defence hoped for a communist takeover in China to tip the scales towards them
conspiracy charges were dropped as vague and unwieldy. speeded things up.
the defendants came up with statements that were so self incriminating that the British had to verify that they were not being questioned under torture. They positively boasted of their misdeeds. They bragged about their major role in national affairs
diaries of Marquess Kido became bible of the prosecution of names, dates and places
was the emperor blameless? Then they acted against his wishes? He was out of bounds. This infuriated the defence attornies. Tedious but relentless.
inhumanity. war of annihilation. defence was arrogant and shameless
they asked that Gandhi and the Pope and H G Wells be executed
each lawyer wanted the other clients to be hanged – to save Field Marshall Hata
they treat war as abstract and legitimate
3 and a half year trial
class A prisoners . 7 sentences of death. 16 life in prison. others got lesser times. 2 died during trial. one declared insane but recovered
former POWs volunteered as hangmen
US Supreme court said it could not hear the case
1948 december – Sugami prison Hideki Tojo was hanged
some people who had been on trial did well. Two doctors became millionaires
untried class A prisoner became Prime Minister