Institutions of the EU. Dr Basak Kale



Council – this is a decision making body. inter governmental. Member states assert their interest

European COmmission is supra national. decisions are taken for EU interest,

European council – PMs of each member state. it was not permanent until Lisbon. Once every 6 months they meet. they decide direction of EU

ECJ – supra national. decides on behalf of EU. member state interest does not matter

other institutions.

court of auditors

european central bank

european investment bank

committee of the regions

european commission is based in Belgium. Schuman Building

it has other buildings for other staff.

European commission is an executive.

it has evolved. it is similar to European coal and steel community. it was created a high authority with Jean Monnet as its first president

the EEC did the same. it was supra national.

this model used for the ECSC it was applied to the EEC

Member states have representatives in the European Commission/ they are in two different levels. At one level the bureaucratic level they sit an exam concours

you prepare for it. you become a civil servant

you do not represent your nationality

same thing is valid for the Commissioners

it involves different subjects

they have an administrative wing. the Commission has many interpreters

it is put into different official languages

most of the laws are translated into these tongues

there are 28 commissioners including the president

the college of commissioners

think of it like the government.

it is setting at a supra national level. each one of them has a different portfolio

fisheries policy, environment, transport, education

they are then proposed by the president of the commission to the Parliament. the Parliament can approve or reject the list

the president is picked by the member states

supra national nature. represents EU as a whole

ambassador speaks of the EU as we.

a commissioner represents the whole EU. they try to promote certain goals

aims are  to see that the law is applied in member states

it proposes legislation.

commission proposes and council disposes


European Parliament is supra national

the council and the Parliament – these two institutions decide the law. co decision

commission representing the EU interest.

citizens’ interests. further EU integration

commission does not have power to implement legislation.


How does commission work. it has the right of initiative. the EU Parliament does not have the right to do so

since 2012 citizens can call on the EU Parliament to make a law

commission makes proposals to meet obligations according to treaties. it can be to meet a target

it can be another EU institution

Europe 2020 strategy – to exit crisis by that date with plenty jobs and sustainable growth

the commission is to

  •   enhance rights of citizens

– clean environment

  •  strengthening EU role in the world

promote EU identity

the EU has to plan and prepare to achieve these objectives

prepare legislation

  • look at current laws.
  • look at EU law. it is composed of primary and secondary sources

primary source is the treaty  as establishing the EU or changing it.

TEU, TFEU, Amsterdam , Nice, Lisbon, Single European Act.

the secondary source – involves regulations, directives and decisions

the commission evaluates the potential consequences of new legislation

looks at interested parties such as civil society groups

who are the stakeholders?

NGOs. Greenpeace. what are their concerns and priorities? The Commission does not have to be said and lead by the stakeholders.

EU uses co decision – ordinary decision making procedure.  EU Parliament approves legislation together with the council

the EU law has to be applied.


council and EU Parliament disposes.

commission can take legal action through ECJ to ensure all EU states are obeying the law. ECJ decisions are binding on member states

Eu law must be implemented uniformly

If a country fails to report what measures it needs to in order to transpose directives into their domestic laws

some countries breach EU law unintentionally. misinterpretation. administrative problems


EU Commission evaluates how well policies have been achieved


CAP decisions under community competence

environmental policy are a community issue

commission drafts legislation.

the commission sets the agenda . it has technical expertise

there are director generals of the commission. these are technical experts

commission has representatives in non member states

there is a proposal to limit the number of commissioners. to rotate the commissionerships.

the commission sees that community policies are executed

it represents the EU internationally















About Calers

Born Belfast 1971. I read history at Edinburgh. I did a Master's at UCL. I have semi-libertarian right wing opinions. I am married with a daughter and a son. I am allergic to cats. I am the falling hope of the not so stern and somewhat bending Tories. I am a legal beagle rather than and eagle. Big up the Commonwealth of Nations.

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