Council – this is a decision making body. inter governmental. Member states assert their interest
European COmmission is supra national. decisions are taken for EU interest,
European council – PMs of each member state. it was not permanent until Lisbon. Once every 6 months they meet. they decide direction of EU
ECJ – supra national. decides on behalf of EU. member state interest does not matter
court of auditors
european central bank
european investment bank
committee of the regions
european commission is based in Belgium. Schuman Building
it has other buildings for other staff.
European commission is an executive.
it has evolved. it is similar to European coal and steel community. it was created a high authority with Jean Monnet as its first president
the EEC did the same. it was supra national.
this model used for the ECSC it was applied to the EEC
Member states have representatives in the European Commission/ they are in two different levels. At one level the bureaucratic level they sit an exam concours
you prepare for it. you become a civil servant
you do not represent your nationality
same thing is valid for the Commissioners
it involves different subjects
they have an administrative wing. the Commission has many interpreters
it is put into different official languages
most of the laws are translated into these tongues
there are 28 commissioners including the president
the college of commissioners
think of it like the government.
it is setting at a supra national level. each one of them has a different portfolio
fisheries policy, environment, transport, education
they are then proposed by the president of the commission to the Parliament. the Parliament can approve or reject the list
the president is picked by the member states
supra national nature. represents EU as a whole
ambassador speaks of the EU as we.
a commissioner represents the whole EU. they try to promote certain goals
aims are to see that the law is applied in member states
it proposes legislation.
commission proposes and council disposes
European Parliament is supra national
the council and the Parliament – these two institutions decide the law. co decision
commission representing the EU interest.
citizens’ interests. further EU integration
commission does not have power to implement legislation.
How does commission work. it has the right of initiative. the EU Parliament does not have the right to do so
since 2012 citizens can call on the EU Parliament to make a law
commission makes proposals to meet obligations according to treaties. it can be to meet a target
it can be another EU institution
Europe 2020 strategy – to exit crisis by that date with plenty jobs and sustainable growth
the commission is to
- enhance rights of citizens
– clean environment
- strengthening EU role in the world
promote EU identity
the EU has to plan and prepare to achieve these objectives
- look at current laws.
- look at EU law. it is composed of primary and secondary sources
primary source is the treaty as establishing the EU or changing it.
TEU, TFEU, Amsterdam , Nice, Lisbon, Single European Act.
the secondary source – involves regulations, directives and decisions
the commission evaluates the potential consequences of new legislation
looks at interested parties such as civil society groups
who are the stakeholders?
NGOs. Greenpeace. what are their concerns and priorities? The Commission does not have to be said and lead by the stakeholders.
EU uses co decision – ordinary decision making procedure. EU Parliament approves legislation together with the council
the EU law has to be applied.
council and EU Parliament disposes.
commission can take legal action through ECJ to ensure all EU states are obeying the law. ECJ decisions are binding on member states
Eu law must be implemented uniformly
If a country fails to report what measures it needs to in order to transpose directives into their domestic laws
some countries breach EU law unintentionally. misinterpretation. administrative problems
EU Commission evaluates how well policies have been achieved
CAP decisions under community competence
environmental policy are a community issue
commission drafts legislation.
the commission sets the agenda . it has technical expertise
there are director generals of the commission. these are technical experts
commission has representatives in non member states
there is a proposal to limit the number of commissioners. to rotate the commissionerships.
the commission sees that community policies are executed
it represents the EU internationally