Dr Kale. Middle East Technical University. Law and institutions of the EU.


Europe seeks peace and posterity in 1945

bipolar world. cold war

USA tries to impose ideology

end of Second World War. this affected nation states.

nationalism and authoritarianism rose together

Soviets took over E Europe

the USA had the Marshall Plan.

European Economic Community

neo functionalism supported by Haas and Mitroning

supra national institutions were founded

in order to make some things happen one needs institutions. supra national is above the states

1940s and 50s neo functionalism loses importance

1970s changes in global politics and european integration process

state are still important

they do not only give their power. they like a say. integration is limited to how much state is giving

andrea moraucic come uo with idea of liberal inter governmentalism

he argued that the whole bargaining process that we see in integration is done by governments

major decisions are taken by governments

because of that one needs to put the accent on the naitons

interdependence and role of institutions is important

intl demand for cooperation. states are important in critical decisoons

this was a reflection of oil crisis. stagflation. states used to react together and they became introverted

more limited with perspective towards further co opeation. put national interest first

this was a realist perspective

other theories become more important with changes of european integration process.

1980s. multi level governance became more popular

. explain developments in european integratiom better

EU integration helps in multi level process

happens at sub state level.

intl organisation influence process.

Scottish referendum. a federal state. this could have impacted the EU.

1990s. 2000s. as the development occurred we see different ideologies influencing explanation

social constructivism

institutionalism – rational choice theory

neo regionalism

europeanisation literature

widening v deepening. widening  – more member states

deepening – the EU is integrating ever more

there is a tension. continues.

they can go together. some say being more hetergenous one makes the EU shallower

free trade. common market. customs union

difference between the customs union and common market is there will be a common external tariff in the former.

common currency. one needs central bank. monetary union.

monetary policies need to be in line. rules and standards need to be agreed. valuing currency

1960s. empty chair crisis.  decisions had to be unanimous. . 1962  – France walked out

this created a problem. no decision taken at european council

luxembourg compromise. if a decision is related to a national interest then a country can opt out

less important decisions can be takne by simply majority or QMV






About Calers

Born Belfast 1971. I read history at Edinburgh. I did a Master's at UCL. I have semi-libertarian right wing opinions. I am married with a daughter and a son. I am allergic to cats. I am the falling hope of the not so stern and somewhat bending Tories. I am a legal beagle rather than and eagle. Big up the Commonwealth of Nations.

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