This is a case where a detenu in Guantanamo Bay challenged the fact that the United States holding him indefinitely.
Donald Rumsfeld was the Defence Secretary at the time
the military tribunals established by President Bush lack the power to proceed since they do not satisfy the criteria for a fair court. Their structures and procedures violate the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The Geneva Conventions are also breached thereby
The Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 proposed to prevent the Supreme Court having any oversight over Guantanamo Bay detenainees.
The President could not set up these tribunals without congressional authorisation
The Geneva Convention has been incorporated into the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Hamdan was a bodyguard of Bin Laden. He was captured in Afghanistan. He moved the action.